Tag Archives: toledo

Early Black Toledo Families – TILTON

One of the earliest found commercial establishment of Toledo’s black community was a restaurant/saloon established by John B. TILTON who was mentioned as a restaurateur in the city directory in 1868.  Mr. TILTON had been a resident of Northwest Ohio since at least 1860 and prior to opening his own restaurant, he was listed as a farmer in Swanton.  John TILTON seemingly moved to Toledo after 1860 as in the 1864 Toledo directory, there was a “cold” John TILTON listed as a Porter employed by the Oliver House.

TILTON was labeled as associated with the  restaurant business on the 1870 Census. Occupations of “restaurant” or “restaurant keeper” were shown on the document.  TILTON had real estate valued between $4000 and $12000 and a personal estate of between $1000 and $3000.  Based on real and personal estate figures, he was one of the wealthiest black men in Toledo in 1870 and the only black saloon/restaurant keeper in the city at the time.

Per the 1860 census and every census afterwards John B TILTON was born in the state of Delaware in approximately 1820.  In 1860 he was a farmer in Swanton and in his household was Sarah TILTON, presumably his wife and two black residents named John INGRAHAM and Woodson DERINGER.  Both were labeled as black farm laborers.

The TILTON restaurant was also labeled in the city directory as a “distiller” and a saloon, basically a club and drinking establishment.  Due to there being so few black/colored residents in 1868, TILTON was required to serve a diverse crowd in his establishment.  It can be assumed that John TILTON took advantage of the many economic advantages of a diverse, integrated society that Toledo was in the mid 1800s.  His restaurant/saloon was located near the corner of Monroe and St. Clair Street near the present day “Hensville” outdoor venue arena, Fifth/Third Field, and the SeaGate Convention Center.  It was a part of a community of establishments that took advantage of what was then known as Toledo’s “Times Square” in the 19th century.  St. Clair Street was the location of a variety of theaters and commercial establishments for many years, and luckily the area is seeing a resurgence in being the center of similar activities today.

John TILTON’s business was called the Opera House Restaurant in the 1878 Toledo directory ad that was placed for the establishment.  It was across the street from the Wheeler Opera House, which was one of the most popular entertainment venues in Toledo at the time.  Per the ad below he was “Open at all Hours” and even had a separate area for women’s entertainment with a “Ladies Dining Hall, Up Stairs.”  Associating his business with the opera house and being so near it would encourage crowds going to or leaving shows to also visit his establishment for drinks and food in association with the shows and visitors to the Wheeler.  The ad also showed that diners would be treated to all sorts of “game” that was always in season

 

1878 City of Toledo Director – Opera House Restaurant – John. B. TILTON proprietor

Many today, due to seeing depictions of saloons in old Western movies, associate them with prostitution.  Though it is true that many of them did provide venues of “vice” it should be noted that a majority of saloons were not houses of prostitution.  Most served as restaurants and nightclubs.  Many, per the source linked below regarding Toledo’s saloon culture, also served as hotels, especially those ran by women who rented out rooms as a way to make a living after being widowed.  On the 1880 Census half of the persons enumerated at TILTON’s establishment were labeled as “borders” meaning they were renting rooms at his saloon.

I found no evidence that the TILTON establishment was involved in any illegal activities after a review of Toledo newspapers.  In 1880 the Census takers seemingly counted all the workers who were employed by TILTON.  All of them were black community members of Toledo.  His employees included Joseph GARRETT who was mentioned as being the father in law of Toledo’s first black photographer George FIELDS.  Both men were also listed as some of the early trustees of Warren AME Church.  The occupations listed for TILTON’s employees ranged from “cook” to “porter” to “dishwasher.”  All of his workers in 1880 were labeled as black or mullato while all the borders were white, showing that he primarily hired black workers yet served a majority white customer base.  He and other black business owners assisted the small black community due to their hiring trends based on the fact that in the City of Toledo, employment opportunities for black/colored Americans in the 19th century were severely limited due to the prevalence of race prejudiced against all people with any known negro ancestry.

A further review of the history of Warren AME Chruch showed that John B. Tilton was also listed as one of the trustees of the church who bought the first church home for the young congregation.  The deed information shown below, listed as Trustees various persons who I am currently researching in early Toledo’s black community as are shown in bold:

Know all men be these present that we Calvin Barker and Mary Barker, his wife, in consideration of dollars to us paid by Joseph Garrett, David Gatsel, William Mills, John B. Tilton, David Philips, Simon Roady and George Field, Trustees of the African Methodist Episcopal Church of the City of Toledo, State of Ohio, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, do hereby grant, bargain, sell and convey to said Trustees and their successors for the uses and purposes of said African Methodist Episcopal Church their successors and assigns forever all the piece or parcel of land known and described as follows:

 

I could not find out much about TILTON’s life prior to him moving to Northwest Ohio.  Due to him consistently being labeled as being born in the state of Delaware, I did a search of Delawareans with the surname TILTON.  I did find a free black family with the surname TILTON on the 1850 Census in Kent County, Delaware, but no one named John TILTON.    I also discovered a white TILTON family who were slave owners in Delaware.  One of the members of this family – Dr. James TILTON moved to Madison, Indiana in the late 1820s.  He was a Revolutionary War veteran and when in Dupont, Indiana, it was noted in the work “Free Boy:  A True Story of Slave and Master” that Dr. TILTON  apprenticed a young black boy named John SMITH to train as a farmer soon after moving to Indiana in 1827-1828.  The age of this young John SMITH does approximately match that of John TILTON but there is no solid evidence that John TILTON was associated with the white TILTON family from Delaware.  If additional information shows up, this post will be updated in the future.

I also have been unable to locate a death record for either John TILTON or his wife Sarah.  John was labeled as a “widower” on the 1880 census so it can be assumed that his wife Sarah passed away by that year.  TILTON was consistently listed in the city directory until 1883 when he no longer had an entry showing.  Unfortunately many of my own relatives who died in Toledo between 1880 and 1900 have spotty and some, non-existent death records and it seems that TILTON may have also fell into this category of poor death record keeping for those decades.  However, I did locate some index entries for Ohio Death records between 1890 and 1900 where there were 2 John TILTON’s listed has having died in the City of Toledo.  I will review information at the TLCPL and/or the county vital statistics office to see if there are any additional entries for those deaths since only a name and date of death was provided online.

 

REFERENCES:

Hawkins, Arnette.  “Raising our Glass: Saloon Culture in Toledo, Ohio” 2010

History Footnotes – Warren AME Church History

US Census 1860 – Household of John B. TILTON

US Census 1870 – Household of John TILDON

US Census 1880 – Household of John B TILTON (restaurant)

City of Toledo Directory 1864-1883 – accessed 4/24/2017-6/25/2017 ancestry.com

 

Toledo’s First Black Doctor – Dr. James FIELDS

After reviewing the 1860 Census for the black and colored population, I made an edit to that post for additional suburban communities of Lucas County due to not including them with my initial transcriptions. One family included in the additional citizens lived in Maumee, Ohio at the time and was the FIELDS family.

In 1860 the FIELDS family was headed by James FIELDS. James FIELDS was listed as a “Doctor” on the census, which was interesting considering the nature of his stated employment. He would be the first known black American doctor working in the Toledo area if the entry was correct regarding his occupation.

One of my favorite, boring hobbies includes reading old newspapers online. Recently, I was VERY excited to find an obituary of James FIELDS that was published in a newspaper called The Elevator out of San Francisco, California. This publication was a “negro” publication, meaning it was a black owned and published newspaper in the 19th century. These early negro publications were the infancy of what is now called “the black press.” They focused on major issues of the day and were primarily written by black journalist and funded by black advertisers and subscribers. Unfortunately, Toledo itself did not get a black owned newspaper until the mid-1900s but due to the size of the city, residents of Toledo, including former residents of the city were mentioned in various black newspapers of the 19th century.

The obituary of Dr. FIELDS was published on June 12, 1868 and an image of the obit is included in this blog post. A transcription, which provides wonderful insights about Dr. FIELDS’ life is below. The obituary was written by one of the journalist on staff of The Elevator and provided many interesting details about the personality and life accomplishment of Dr. FIELDS. Unfortunately, I could not ascertain who wrote the obituary, but if I discover the author, I will edit the post with his name.  UPDATE:  I quickly found out who wrote the obituary and published newspaper The Elevator – he is one of the founders of the black press – Philip Alexander Bell

As someone who loves to read about black American history, I was especially pleased in reviewing this obituary and thought it was something others may enjoy. Dr. FIELDS as is mentioned in the obituary also was disabled due to having had a leg amputated as a child, so he would probably be the first black and first disabled doctor to have practiced in our area. He also was a writer, a member of various organizations and he attended the Free African School in New York, City, one of the few places in the early 19th century that black children and teens were able to receive a high quality education in NYC. It was an organization founded by white benefactors, including Founding Father – Alexander Hamilton. The Free African Schools were later absorbed in the NYC public school system for black children. Dr. FIELDS later moved to Adrian, Michigan with his family where the obituary stated he died.

A perusal of records on FamilySearch.org verified that Dr. James Fields died in May of 1868 and was a resident of Adrian, Lenawee County at the time.  Prior to moving to Maumee, Ohio in the 1850s, he was enumerate on the 1850 US Census living in New York City, Ward 1 with his wife and son.

Of interest personally is the fact that there were other FIELDS families in Toledo around the time that Dr. FIELDS moved to the area.  It is unknown whether or not Dr. FIELDS is related to these other families, one of which included George FIELDS mentioned in a previous post as being Toledo’s first professional black photographer.

One of his former associates, mentioned in the obituary Dr. James McCune Smith was the first black doctor to run a pharmacy in America and was a staunch abolitionist and heavily active in working to obtain the rights afforded to black Americans in this country.  He founded the first national, longstanding civil rights organization for black Americans called the National Council of Colored People in 1852.  It can be assumed based on the alumni of the class of Dr. FIELDS that FIELDS  was also involved in the abolitionist movement and early Civil Rights Movement of the late 19th century following the Civil War.  His classmate Dr. James McCune Smith was also the physician at the Colored Orphans Asylum in 1863 during the height of the Civil War and when the New York City Draft Riots occurred (as is alluded to in the film “Gangs of New York”).  In this riot, hundreds of free New York City black citizens were attacked, including the orphanage for black children, which was burned to the ground.

OBITUARY TRANSCRIPTION:

MEN WE HAVE KNOWN
NUMBER FOUR
DR. JAMES FIELDS
By a paper received from Mr. John A. Fields, of Adrian, Michigan, we learned with sorrow the mournful intelligence of the death of his father, Dr. James Fields, who died on the 6th of May ultimo.

Dr. Fields was one of our oldest and dearest friends. He was born in the city of New York, September 20, 1805, where he resided until about fifteen years ago, when he removed to Toledo, Ohio and from thence to Adrian. When about twelve or fourteen years of age he had the misfortune to lose a leg. It was caused by the maltreatment of a physician, who mistook a simple bruise for an ulcer, and by his injudicious treatment it ultimately into a white swelling, and when too late more competent medical advice was consulted and amputation was necessary to save his life.

Being thus maimed and incapacitated for arduous avocations, he became studious, and having acquired all the education then imparted in the New York African Free School (where the writer hereof was a fellow classmate), he sought private tuition, and finally became a thorough English scholar, and also acquired considerable knowledge of the classics.

In 1830 he was one of the founders of the Philomathean Literary Society. We were seven. After a lapse of forty years, four of us survive – Rev. John Peterson, Ransom F. Wake, of New York, Robert Banks, now of St. Paul’s, Minnesota and ourself. We have had to chronicle the deaths of three of our early associates in that institution – Dr. David Ruggles, Wm. L. Jeffers, and now James Fields. Of the others who became immediately connected with us, Dr. James McCune Smith, Rev. Isaiah G. Degrasse and Henry Nott are numbered with the dead. Robert McDougall and Theodore C.B. Vidall still survive.

At the time of the assassination of Elijah P. Lovejoy at Alton, Ill, in November, 1837, James Fields pledged himself that he would never drink ardent spirits until slavery was abolished in America, and we believe he religiously kept his promise.

In 1842-3, in connection with Messrs. Peter Ogden, T.C. B., and U. B. Vidal, G. T. Downing, Henry Smith and a few others, he established the Grand United Order of Odd Fellows, for which a charter was obtained from England, the Independent Order of America having refused to admit colored members, or grant a charter for opening a separate Lodge. The Grand United Order of Odd Fellows is now a flourishing institution, numbering perhaps twenty Lodges. In 1846 he went to Bermuda, W. I., and organized two Lodges of the Order on that island.

James Fields was a Calvinistic Presbyterian, a member and for many years clerk of Shiloh Church, of which Rev. Theodore S. Wright was pastor. He was a fine writer and a deep philosophical thinker. He contributed frequently to the Colored American, and the essays of “Uncle Ben” were always welcome to our columns.

He was always devoted to the study of medicine, and before leaving New York he became quite proficient in the Botanical practice. Believing he could find a larger field and a wider scope for the exercise of his talents, he emigrated to Ohio, where he was very successful and became favorably known as the Indian Doctor.

Thus has gone to his long and silent home one whom we have known and loved for more than half a century. For over two-thirds of that long period we were almost daily companions. Since our separation we have maintained friendly correspondence, not frequent, but always loving and affectionate. He has lived to a good old age – long beyond our expectations. He was for many years afflicted with a disease of the heart, which at last terminated his existence. Far away in the boundless prairies of the Peninsula State, my heart is in the coffin with my friend.

Copy of original obituary:

James Fields Obituary file

SOURCES USED:

African American Newspapers (accessed via home with library card from TLCPL number and pin on 1/18/17) database – Elevator, published as The Elevator (San Francisco, California)06-12-1868Page [2]

New York, 1850 federal census, Household of James Fields via FamilySearch.org

Find A Grave Memorial – grave of James Fields via FamilySearch.org

Michigan Deaths 1867-1897 via FamilySearch.org (line number 32)

Wikipedia – James McCune Smith (see link above)

University of Chicago Press – The New York City Draft Riots of 1863 (see link above)

Alton, Illinois in the Civil War – Biography of Elijah  P Lovejoy (see link above) NOTE:  Elijah P Lovejoy was a white abolitionist who was attacked by a pro-slavery mob and killed based on his work to help free the slaves in the USA

NOTE many of the individuals mentioned in the obituary were well known black abolitionists and if readers are interested information should be queried about them as many of them have amazing life stories!

Death Records for Genealogy Research – What you might not be looking at! (Part 2)

As stated, I felt that Obituaries should have a separate entry being that they can provide additional information and details that can easily lead to more research opportunities.
In the Toledo area we are very fortunate that our Local History Department at the Main Branch of the Toledo Lucas County Public Library will provide electronic copies of Obituaries published in the Toledo Blade for free. The Toledo Blade Obituary Index is provided via the Ancestry.Com site along with FamilySearch.org but you can also just go to their site directly, which I personally prefer and look up the person you are searching for. I prefer to go to the site because there is an option once you get a “hit” to request that they email you a copy of the obituary within two weeks. The library asks that you only make 3 requests per week. I make sure to follow those guidelines as I feel it is such a great service that they provide to us for no cost. Many other libraries around the country charge a minimum of $5-$25 for them to do this sort of research for you. So I am very appreciative of that.

This past year, I have probably put in a request for over 50 obituaries! The obits published in the Blade vary from just the list of deaths that are still published in the paper for public notices, to short write-ups to very extensive, in-depth obituaries. Some examples of obits are below:

Here is the obituary of Robert TRAYNUM Sr. He was the first of my TRAYNUM line to come to Toledo via the Great Migration from South Carolina. He died in 1933 and his address and cause of death was contained in his death notice. I found via using Google Maps that he lived a block from where I grew up in South Toledo! I also discovered that other TRAYNUM relatives actually lived across the street from where I grew up 70 years before and I never knew! His house is now a parking lot that I used to ride my bike in as a girl.

The earliest full Obituary that I’ve been sent is of James Edward ROBINSON, published in the blade in December of 1910 who I discovered had the nickname of “Bones.” The obit stated that Bones was one of the “one of the most well known negros” in the City due to his affiliation with an organization called the Toledo Cadets for about 40 years. Using information from his obituary caused me to look up the Toledo Cadets to learn about them. I found a book and purchased it about the history of the organization and was shocked that it included a copy of his picture! It is 120 years old and was published in 1896 and I feel very lucky to have found such a distant image of my 3rd great grandfather!

Interestingly the book also had a picture of William A Jones, the father of basketball legend William McNeill JONES written about in a previous post (Bill Jones – Basketball Pioneer). William JONES’ nickname was “Inky” and he also had an impressive obituary written up, which is below.

One of my favorite obituaries is of a 4th great uncle names Francis/Frank BURTON. Frank was born in Charlevoix County, Michigan, which is north of Saginaw and near the Petoskey area. Due to his obit mentioning that he worked for the WPA project on the Toledo Zoo Aquarium and Ampitheater, I think of him when I take the kids to the zoo. I loved that it spoke of what a hard working man he was and was surprised that it said he was a Potawatomi Indian. I have yet to see any other documentation of any native ancestry, but the area they lived in was a place where this tribe lived/resided at the time of Frank’s birth.

 

Other obituaries outside of Toledo I’ve found were primarily in the Ypsilanti, Michigan area whereas there is another blog similar to this one on the black history of Ypsilanti called South Adams Street 1900.  Mary ENOS SNIVELY only had a death notice shown below. Her husband Jeremiah SNIVELY was a veteran of the United States Colored Troops (USCT) and fought in the Civil War. He and three of his brothers, who were all living in Canada at the time, came back to the United States in order to serve to help free the slaves in America. Jeremiah died on the same day as another “colored veteran” also named Jeremiah as noted in his obituary. Since Jeremiah SNIVELY was stated to have been a GAR member I am hoping to do some digging into Michigan GAR records to see if a picture can be found for him. Jeremiah SNIVELY’s obit also says he was a Mason, as did William A JONES’ above. I’m unsure if the Mason’s keep records but I plan on finding out from my relatives who are still members of the organization here in Toledo to see if I can learn more information about those ancestors who were involved in that group.

 

So make sure to thoroughly review obituaries, even death records.  I personally like looking up the homes where my ancestors lived via Google Maps.  Many of them are still standing and in the case of my TRAYNUM ancestor it was interesting to know I played where his home once stood.  The organizations that your ancestors were involved in, many of them kept historical records on members or they issued “Resolutions” that were read at the funeral and placed into safekeeping by that organization and many times you can request a copy.  You may be fortunate enough like I was to find a 120 year old picture of a relative as well.

It is also important to take note that all the information contained in obituaries may not be true so to not rely 100% on that information.  The reference to being a Native American in Frank Burton’s obituary, though interesting, I never believe these references to be true unless I find evidence to substantiate that claim.  Many people white and black claim to be “Indian” when they really don’t have any Native American ancestry and it is just a family myth.

 

Death Records for Genealogy Research – What you might not be looking at! (Part 1)

Over the course of 2016 I’ve gained a lot of distant family members to my family tree. Some I have been blessed to have reached out to me via various social media sites, others have sent me emails and I’ve even called some distant relatives who I never knew I had until really expanding my family tree.

Many of these individuals and various unnamed connections were made via the use of death records which can include death registers, death certificates (there is a difference!), obituaries, and funeral home records.

A very important tip in regards to perusing death records, especially registers and death certificates is to always look at the original document. We are very fortunate to be genealogical researchers in the digital age whereas we can type in a query into a search engine and our ancestors information pops up, but only looking at the transcribed information shown to you at Ancestry.com or FamilySearch.org or any other genealogical website you may use, means you are overlooking important clues that can add additional value and branches to your family tree.

Death registers – basically a list of everyone who died, their age, cause of death and sometimes their address and where they were buried, were kept by the City of Toledo and Lucas County starting in the 1840s. There are few records between 1840 and 1860 but from the 1860s forward there are quite a lot of entries. I am currently working on transcribing the death records of all black/colored individuals who died in the City of Toledo from 1860 through 1880 and I may go a bit further if time warrants. Below is a sample of one of my ancestors whose information I discovered via the Death Register of the City of Toledo. It is the death record of Elias Whitfield, one of my first documented early Toledo ancestors. Elias died in 1897 at the age of 35 and was the husband of Martha/Mattie JONES and the father of Harold Elias WHITFIELD. If I had only looked at the transcribed version of the death register record, only the following information shows up:

Name                                           Elias Whitford
Event Type                                Death
Event Date                                 25 Nov 1897
Event Place                               Toledo, Lucas, Ohio, United States
Gender                                         Male
Age                                                 35
Marital Status                           Married
Race                                             C
Race (Original)                         C
Occupation                               Drayman
Birth Year (Estimated)          1862
Birthplace                                  U.S.
Cemetery                                   Forest
Father’s Birthplace                 US
Mother’s Birthplace               US

Please the first line of the attached picture below and note that WHITFORD is a variant spelling of WHITFIELD. Many times surnames and even given names were mis-spelled or incorrectly written by record keepers. Everything else I knew about Elias WHITFIELD matches with this death certificate since I had other sources about his life. He was born approximately 1862-1863. He was black/”colored” as mentioned in the record. He was married and he died in Toledo in the 1890s. This transcription provides a lot of information that is useful for a family tree.
Here is the original version of the death record:

As you can see, the original version gives a bit more information. It also states that he was 35 when he died. It shows the address where he died, which was 1611 Canton Avenue in Toledo. I could assume this was his home address. The Canton Avenue district in Toledo near Cherry Street and Bancroft was the location of the largest percentage of the black population in the city at the time. Elias’ cause of death was Phthisis Pulmonalis Congestion of the Lungs, basically Tuberculosis, something that was a huge public heath epidemic from the late 1800s through the 1950s with the invention of antibiotics to combat this illness. He had been sick for 18 months before his death. He had lived in the city for 20 years, so had moved to Toledo in the 1870s. The physician who attended him was named J.A. Wright .

Starting in the 1900s the federal government required all states to issue Certificates of Death for everyone who died in the country. Many states didn’t begin to implement this directive until they were required to do so around 1915. This is the case especially for many southern states who unfortunately didn’t routinely record the deaths of black people. Their lack of doing so can be a road block in black genealogy. In Ohio and Toledo specifically, we are lucky that Toledo kept death records on all citizens who gave a record of death. My earliest ancestor who had an official Death Certificate was Amy BLICK/BLECK JONES the mother-in-law of Elias WHITFIELD. Amy BLICK/BLECK JONES died in 1903. Below is the transcription of her Death Certificate:

Amy Jones
Ohio, County Death Records
Name                                        Amy Jones
Event Type                             Death
Event Date                             01 Sep 1903
Event Place                           Toledo, Lucas, Ohio, United States
Residence Place                 Toledo, Lucas, Ohio
Gender                                   Female
Age                                          abt 60y
Marital Status                    Married
Race                                      black
Race (Original)                 black
Occupation                       house work
Birth Date                                1843
Birthplace                                U. S.
Burial Place                           Toledo, Lucas, Ohio
Cemetery                               Forest
Father’s Birthplace           U.S.
Mother’s Birthplace          U.S.

On the original document below Amy’s cause of death was listed as “endocartitis” and “rheumatism.” It shows her approximate year of birth. Since I am fairly confident that Amy BLICK/BLECK JONES was a slave, it can be assumed that her exact birthdate was unknown, which is why “about 1843” was written on the certificate for her birthday and “about 60” was written as her age. It lists the funeral home that took care of her burial “Wilson and Feese.” The certificate also shows her address of 218 Avondale Avenue, which corresponds to the accumulation of the black population, starting in the late 1800s to about 1930 being centered in what is known as the “Port Lawrence” district of the city near St. Patrick’s Catholic Church and where the current Port Lawrence housing community is situated. Amy also was stated to have lived in the city “about 20 years.” A perusal of City Directories shows her husband and herself as residents of Toledo in in the 1880s.
This early death certificate differs in look from the ones used starting in the 1910s. They are pretty similar from all across the country in regards to the ones I have reviewed from 1915 forward. Below is the Death Certificate of Edna ROBINSON PARROTT. She was a 4th great aunt of mine. Information found within this Death Certificate pointed me toward the genealogy of her mother Nancy JONES. As stated earlier in the JONES/ROBINSON post, I was unaware of Nancy’s maiden name for a number of years due to believing it was BAKER. Details in the original image of the death record allowed me to put some pieces of the JONES/ROBINSON puzzle together.

Name                                             Edna Parrott
Event Type                                  Death
Event Date                                  19 May 1929
Event Place                                Toledo, Lucas, Ohio, United States
Address                                        138 Hamilton St.
Residence Place                      Toledo, Lucas, Ohio
Gender                                         Female
Age                                                48y 6m 14d
Marital Status                          Married
Race                                             Colored
Race (Original)                         Colored
Occupation                               housewife
Birth Date                                  05 Nov 1880
Birthplace                                Toledo, Ohio
Burial Date                              22 May 1929
Cemetery                                Forest
Father’s Name                      Ed. Robinson

Father’s Birthplace             Harrisburg, Pa.
Mother’s Name                    Nancie Jones

Mother’s Birthplace           Greenfield, Ohio
Spouse’s Name                    Bert Parrott

As shown above, this death record provides some great information in the transcribed form. It does show birth her parents, even her mother’s maiden name and the places of birth for both. However a review of the original certificate showed that the “Informant” for the Death Certificate was “Nancy BAKER” meaning Edna’s own mother provided the information so it can be seen as much more factual than other certificates, like Amy BLICK/BLECK JONES’ above, which have a physician or hospital worker as the informant for the data within the document. The document also says that Edna was buried by the WANZO Funeral Home, a black owned funeral home that was later sold and is still in existence today as the Dale-Riggs Funeral Home on Nebraska Ave.

Earlier this year I read a 2011 thesis paper/book written by a PhD student from Bowling Green State University. The research paper was titled “Revelations fron the Dead: Using Funeral Home Records to Help Reconstruct the History of Black Toledo” by Camillia Z. Rodgers. Prior to reading this thesis, I had never considered using funeral home records before for genealogical research and especially never knew that I would be able to get access to long ago funeral home records. In the paper, Dr. Rodgers wrote about the Wanzo Funeral Home. Elvin B. WANZO was a prominent black citizen in Toledo and moved to the area in the early 1900s. A review of my relatives’ death certificates from the early 1900s when Wanzo opened his funeral home through the 1950s when he sold the business showed that Mr. Wanzo buried 3-4 generations of my direct ancestors and distant family members during the time his business was in operation, including Edna ROBINSON PARROTT above.

The records and registers that Mr. Wanzo kept regarding his services, primarily for the African American community in Toledo are currently housed in at BGSU’s library in its special collections department. I have yet to make a visit to BG to view the records but wanted to let readers know that these records may provide additional information on your ancestors and it may be worth a drive to BG if you are in the Toledo area.

The next post on this subject will be about Obituaries, which I feel warrant a separate entry.

SOURCES USED:

Ohio County Death Records 1840-2001 via familysearch.org

Ohio Deaths 1908-1953 via familysearch.org

OhioLINK ETD (see link above for thesis)

 

1870 Census – Colored Population in Toledo (and Surrounding Communities)

I have completed transcribing the 1870 census of the black and colored population of Toledo and its surrounding areas. I want to note that I also went back and reviewed other communities surrounding Toledo, within Lucas County for the transcribing of Census information for the years 1840, 1850, and 1860. Communities included in those census revisions are Maumee, Monclova, Whitehouse, Waynesville, Spencer, Springfield, Sylvania, Oregon, Swanton, Manhattan, and Adams townships. Not all of the revised census transcriptions include black or colored residents, but 1860 specifically included some black/colored residents in Adams and Maumee.

In regards to the 1870 census, the data for this census is below. The number of black and colored families increased in the Lucas County and Toledo area from only 121 families to 246, an increase of over 50%. The total individuals enumerated increased from 269 to 768.

Please note that I did find that some families were enumerated twice in the 1870 Census in the the Toledo area and they are included in the totals as it was a raw transcription. I noticed some duplicate names (particularly the FIELDS family), but since this took multiple days, I did not go back and delete any from the spreadsheet below.

The 1870 Census was the first Census in America that included all formerly enslaved individuals by name. After the Civil War, many black Americans were very transient in nature and traveled across the country looking for relatives and work. During the time that this Census was taken, the Reconstruction Era was still ongoing, and the subsequent Jim Crow/Black Laws had not yet taken effect in the southern part of the United States where a majority of black Americans resided.

Some interesting local history information that can be obtained from the 1870 Census about blacks  in Toledo and its surrounding communities in Lucas County are:

One of Warren AME church’s first documented pastors Bingman ARNETT was enumerated in Toledo, Ward 4. He was 32 years old and was born in Pennsylvania. Two other black men were listed as Ministers or Clergymen but it is unknown which churches, if any they were affiliated with in the Toledo area. They were John WHITE and William WEARING.

George FIELDS had an occupation of “Photographer” and was the city’s first black professional photographer. He originally worked out of a building previously owned by William H. Merrit mentioned in a previous blog post who was involved in the Underground Railroad in Toledo.

Toledo had two black Saloon Keepers – William CARTER and John TILLON/TILDON (also listed as a Restaurant Keeper on the Census but was in the City Directory as a Saloon Keeper). Due to the black population being so small, these business owners catered to a diverse crowd within the city’s Ward 4.

Benjamin TALBOT was listed as a blacksmith in the city and was one of Toledo’s oldest residents.  TALBOT lived in Ward 1, which is now Downtown Toledo and per the article mentioned in the 1862 Race Riot of Toledo, he lived near the corner of Erie and Jefferson Street. His home was ransacked and his furniture destroyed in the 1862 riot. In 1870, he was 76 years old and was originally from Maryland.

Lucy DAY was listed on the Census as a Teacher and can be recognized as one of the first black educators in the city. Lucy DAY lived in Ward 3 with her daughter Florence who was born in Canada. Lucy DAY was born in Ohio.  It was interesting that all of the black/mullatto children eumerated near her were listed as having the occupation of “Scholar.”

My fourth great grandmother – Mary ANDERSON JONES was listed with her children, including my third great grandmother Nancy JONES ROBINSON as living in Washington Township in 1870.  This family, I believe located to Toledo in approximately 1865.  They are my first documented ancestors to have moved to Northwest Ohio and were originally from Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania by way of Ross County, Ohio where Nancy JONES ROBINSON was born.  By 1870 Mary’s husband John JONES is suspected to have passed away.  There is reference to a death of a John JONES in the city of Toledo death registers in 1867, but this John JONES cannot be confirmed to be the one who died in 1867 due to the common name.

The most popular surname in the Toledo area was JONES.  There were 24 individuals with the surname JONES who lived in various parts of the cities and in different townships.  It is unknown whether or not they were related.  John JONES, my fourth great grandfather, on previous census records from Ross County, Ohio in 1860 stated that he was from Maryland.  There were no JONES’ in Toledo who stated that they were from Maryland and the only JONES family from Pennsylvania, where Mary ANDERSON JONES hailed was her own household.

Residing In Family # Name Age Gender Race Occupation  Real Estate  Personal Estate Birthplace Father Foreign Born? Mother Foreign Born Married in 1870 Month Attended School Cannot read Cannot Write COMMENTS
Toledo Ward 1 1 Haynes, Mary W. 25 F Black Domestic Servant Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 1 2 Jones, Della 19 F Mullatto Domestic Servant
Toledo Ward 1 3 Bowen/Rowen, Andrew 30 M Black Domestic Servant Virginia X X
Toledo Ward 1 4 Bailey/Railey, George W. 17 M Black Virginia
Toledo Ward 1 4 Gray, Charles 48 M Black Teaming Canada X X
Toledo Ward 1 4 Gray, Charles A. 5 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 4 Gray, Elizabeth 38 F Black Keeping House Ohio X X
Toledo Ward 1 4 Gray, Henry A. 3 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 5 Garrett, Charlotte 59 F Mullatto Keeping House Kentucky X
Toledo Ward 1 5 Garrett, Joseph 58 M Mullatto Whitewasher Kentucky X
Toledo Ward 1 6 Fields, Elvia 8 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 6 Fields, George 37 M Mullatto Photographer  $         3,000.00  $              400.00 Georgia
Toledo Ward 1 6 Fields, George W. 0.75 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 6 Fields, Mary 27 F Mullatto Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 1 6 Fields, Mary K. 5 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 6 Fields, Otis G. 7 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 7 Watkins, Eliza 1 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 7 Watkins, Ellen 24 F Mullatto Keeping House Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 1 7 Watkins, John 5 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 7 Watkins, John H 39 M Mullatto Barber  $         1,000.00 Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 8 Lee, Alice 2 F Mullatto At-Home Ohio Minister of Warren AME Church mentioned in church history (www.warren-ame.org/church-history/)
Toledo Ward 1 8 Lee, Elizabeth 15 F Mullatto At-Home Kentucky Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 1 8 Lee, Ella 4 F Mullatto At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 8 Lee, Ellen 40 F Mullatto Keeping House Kentucky X X
Toledo Ward 1 8 Lee, Hiram 40 M Mullatto Drayman  $              200.00 Kentucky X X Enumerated in mullatto household of George Mason – Farmer
Toledo Ward 1 8 Lee, Mary 19 F Mullatto At-Home Kentucky
Toledo Ward 1 8 Lee, Newton 14 M Mullatto At-Home Kentucky
Toledo Ward 1 8 Lee, Squire 17 M Mullatto Laborer Kentucky
Toledo Ward 1 8 Lee, William W. 6 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 8 Ross, William 30 M Mullatto Blacksmith Ohio
Toledo Ward 1 9 Curtis, Mary 18 F Black Domestic Servant Ohio X
Toledo Ward 1 10 Butler, Anna 17 F Mullatto At-Home Illinois
Toledo Ward 1 10 Riley, Mary 14 F Mullatto At-Home Missouri
Toledo Ward 1 10 Robison, Mary 31 F Mullatto At-Home Indiana
Toledo Ward 1 10 Talbot, Benjamin 76 M Mullatto Blacksmith Maryland
Toledo Ward 1 10 Talbot, Louis 18 M Mullatto Barber Indiana
Toledo Ward 1 10 Talbot, Lucinda 22 F Mullatto At-Home Indiana
Toledo Ward 1 10 Talbot, Sarah 51 F Mullatto Keeping House Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 1 11 Miles, Emily 28 F Black At-Home Virginia
Toledo Ward 1 11 Parott/Parett, Mary 50 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 1 12 Gray, Alice 14 F Black At-Home Tennessee X
Toledo Ward 1 12 Gray, Betsey 49 F Black Keeping House Kentucky X X
Toledo Ward 1 12 Gray, Henry 51 M Black Laborer  $            600.00 Kentucky X
Toledo Ward 1 12 Gray, Julia 18 F Black At-Home Kentucky X
Toledo Ward 1 12 Gray, Maggie 16 F Black At-Home Kentucky X
Toledo Ward 1 12 Gray, Wesley 12 M Black At-Home Tennessee X Enumerated in white household of Emily Birdwell – House Keeper
Toledo Ward 1 13 Gibson, Joshua 22 M Black Domestic Servant South Carolina X X Enumberated in white household of David Smith -lumber dealer
Toledo Ward 1 14 Blannon, Andrew 24 M Black Domestic Servant Virginia Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 1 15 Coup, Henry 34 M Black Domestic Servant South Carolina X X
Toledo Ward 2 16 Johnson, Edward 40 M Black Domestic Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 16 Morrison, George 30 M Black Domestic Servant South Carolina
Toledo Ward 2 17 Lynn, Henry 50 M Black Cooper Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 17 Lynn, Mary 49 F Black Keeping House North Carolina X X
Toledo Ward 2 17 Thomas, Mary 36 F Black Keeping House Kentucky X X
Toledo Ward 2 18 Pendleton, Jordan 14 M Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 18 Pendleton, Vina 36 F Black Keeping House North Carolina X X Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 2 19 Patterson, Henry 40 M Black Laborer Kentucky X X
Toledo Ward 2 19 Patterson, Henry 11 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 19 Patterson, Jane 30 F Black Keeping House Virginia X X Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 2 19 Patterson, Martha J. 1 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 20 Hargoes, James M. 30 M Black Laborer Georgia X X Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 2 20 Hargoes, Martha 27 F Black Keeping House Virginia X X
Toledo Ward 2 21 Points, Angeline 33 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 21 Points, Edward 40 M Black Laborer Kentucky
Toledo Ward 2 21 Points, Frank 9 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 21 Stuart, John 14 M Black At-Home Ohio Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 2 22 Henry, Jenny 27 F Black Keeping House Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 2 22 Henry, Thomas P. 37 M Black Barber Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 2 23 Douglas, Eliza 38 F Black Keeping House District of Columbia Enumerated in mullatto household of Benjamin Tabot – Blacksmith
Toledo Ward 2 23 Douglas, Henry 42 M Black Cook Kentucky Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 2 24 Parker, Anna 40 F Black Keeping House Kentucky Enumerated in white household of Alonzo Kingsbury
Toledo Ward 2 24 Parker, Frank 16 M Black Laborer Kentucky
Toledo Ward 2 25 Willard, Anna 4 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 25 Willard, Henrietta 6 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 25 Willard, Victoria 28 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 25 Willard, William 32 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 26 Price, Mary 19 F Black Servant Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 2 27 Davis, Hatt 45 M Black Laborer Tennessee Enumerated in white household of Lacken – Farmer
Toledo Ward 2 27 Duma, Annie 21 F Black At-Home Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 27 Duma, Jennie 24 F Black At-Home Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 27 Dunning, Frank 45 M Black Laborer Georgia
Toledo Ward 2 28 Randel(Randall), David 15 M Black Laborer Ohio X
Toledo Ward 2 28 Randel(Randall), Mary 1 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 2 28 Randel(Randall), Mary 35 F White Keeping House Ireland X X
Toledo Ward 2 28 Randel(Randall), Nancy 10 F Black At-Home Ohio X X
Toledo Ward 2 28 Randel(Randall), Thomas 5 M Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 2 28 Randel(Randall), Thomas 40 M Black Rail Road Porter Virginia Enumberated in white household of Cromwell Lloyd -merchant
Toledo Ward 2 28 Randel(Randall), William 18 M Black Laborer Ohio X
Toledo Ward 2 29 Wood, Albert 11 M Black At-Home Ohio Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 2 29 Wood, Harry 16 M Black Servant Ohio Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 2 29 Wood, Lucy 18 F Black Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 29 Wood, Mary 30 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 30 Newton, Calvin 45 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 30 Newton, Julia 40 F Black Keeping House Ohio Enumerated with black household of Samuel Franklin – Barber
Toledo Ward 2 31 Hunter, Adaline 21 F Black Keeping House Ohio Enumerated with black household of Samuel Franklin – Barber
Toledo Ward 2 31 Hunter, Ed 25 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 31 Hunter, George 2 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 32 Miller, James 16 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 2 32 Miller, John 38 M White Laborer Germany X X
Toledo Ward 2 32 Miller, Mary 37 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 33 Spence, Arthur 48 M Black Clerk North Carolina
Toledo Ward 2 33 Spence, Elias 7 M Black At-Home Wisconsin X
Toledo Ward 2 33 Spence, Isabella 10 F Black At-Home Michigan X
Toledo Ward 2 33 Spence, Lavinia 26 F Black Keeping House Indiana
Toledo Ward 2 34 Legay, Alonzo 4 M Black At-Home Ohio Enumerated in white household of Francis Granger – Farmer
Toledo Ward 2 34 Legay, Cora 5 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 34 Legay, Eliza 29 F Black Keeping House Delaware
Toledo Ward 2 34 Legay, Stella 7 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 35 Fletcher, Adelia 10 F Mullatto At-Home Canada X
Toledo Ward 2 35 Fletcher, Edward 38 M Mullatto Laborer Kentucky
Toledo Ward 2 35 Fletcher, Mary 45 F Mullatto Keeping House Canada
Toledo Ward 2 36 Davis, Rhoda 39 F Black Servant North Carolina
Toledo Ward 2 37 Brown, Albert 16 M Black At-Home Canada Enumerated in white household of PV Brown – Agent
Toledo Ward 2 37 Brown, Isabella 22 F Black At-Home New York
Toledo Ward 2 37 Brown, John 18 M Black At-Home Michigan
Toledo Ward 2 37 Brown, Sarah 36 F Black Keeping House Maryland Enumerated in white household of Merrill – Justice of the Peace
Toledo Ward 2 37 Brown, William 36 M Black Laborer  $         2,000.00 Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 38 Hughes, Malina 40 F Black Keeping House Alabama Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 2 39 Wilson, Emma 50 F Black Keeping House Ohio Enumerated in whit household of Sophia Benson
Toledo Ward 2 40 Gaar, Francis 28 F Black Keeping House Ohio Enumerated in white household of Ellen Hunter
Toledo Ward 2 40 Gaar, James 30 F Black Barber Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 40 Gaar, Samuel 3 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 41 Brown, John 40 M Black Barber South Carolina
Toledo Ward 2 41 Brown, Julia 28 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 42 Harris, Henry 25 M Black Laborer Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 42 Harris, Levinia 22 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 2 43 Griffith, Adam 6 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 43 Griffith, Adam 40 M Black Laborer  $         2,000.00 Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 43 Griffith, Anna 45 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 43 Griffith, Ellen 15 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 2 43 Griffith, Kattie 14 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 2 43 Griffith, Susan 9 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 2 44 Blackburn, Charlotte 38 F Black Keeping House Conneticut
Toledo Ward 2 44 Blackburn, George 40 M Black Cook Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 2 45 Ryen, Rachel 65 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 45 Ryen, Sebastian 60 M Black Laborer Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 45 Ryen, Willie 19 M Mullatto Laborer Canada
Toledo Ward 2 46 Hugan, John 4 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 46 Hugan, John 40 M Black Barber Kentucky
Toledo Ward 2 46 Hugan, Lillia 2 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 46 Hugan, Matilda 25 F Black Keeping House Canada
Toledo Ward 2 47 Ackley, Lucy 20 M Black Laborer Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 47 Ackley, Maggie 29 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 48 Tate, Caroline 5 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 2 48 Tate, Eliza 20 F Black Keeping House Canada X X
Toledo Ward 2 48 Tate, Emma 7 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 2 48 Tate, John 32 M Black Blacksmith Alabama
Toledo Ward 2 48 Tate, Sarah 3 F Black At-Home Ohio X Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 2 49 Hawes, Andy 16 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 49 Hawes, Ellen 8 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 49 Hawes, James 14 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 49 Hawes, Sally 50 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 49 Hawes, Sam 50 M Black Laborer Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 49 Hawes, Sammy 12 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 50 Jackson, Moses 40 M Black Laborer Kentucky
Toledo Ward 2 51 Coleman(Koleman), Catherine 55 F White Keeping House  $         3,000.00 Germany X X
Toledo Ward 2 51 Coleman(Koleman), George 20 M Black Sailor Ohio X X
Toledo Ward 2 51 Coleman(Koleman), Julia 18 F Black At-Home Ohio X X
Toledo Ward 2 51 Coleman(Koleman), Mary 15 F Black At-Home Ohio X X
Toledo Ward 2 52 Carlisle, Elizabeth 23 F Black Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 53 Elliott, Lucy 35 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 53 Elliott, William 50 M Black Laborer  $         2,000.00  $          1,000.00 Indiana
Toledo Ward 2 53 Elliott, Willis 22 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 54 Gray, Mary 26 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 54 Gray, Thomas 4 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 55 Smith, Matilda 18 F Black Servant Virginia
Toledo Ward 2 56 Presser, Abrahm 39 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 56 Presser, Annie 26 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 56 Presser, Gerlene 3 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 2 56 Presser, Thomas 16 M Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 57 Thompson, Hiram 18 M Black Domestic Servant South Carolina X X
Toledo Ward 3 58 Greener, Catherine 15 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 58 Greener, Eliza B 22 F Black Keeping House Indiana
Toledo Ward 3 58 Greener, Francis 8 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 58 Greener, J.C. 57 M Black Barber  $         2,000.00 Maryland
Toledo Ward 3 58 Greener, Louisa 17 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 59 Pendleton, Lavinia 20 F Black Domestic Servant Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 60 Evans, Frances 23 F Mullatto Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 60 Evans, James R 23 M Mullatto Barber North Carolina
Toledo Ward 3 60 Evans, Samuel 0.666666667 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio Oct
Toledo Ward 3 61 Wilson, Emily 50 F Mullatto Keeping House  $         1,000.00 Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 62 Elliot, Mary 51 F Mullatto Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 62 Elliot, Willis 20 M Black Barber Indiana
Toledo Ward 3 62 Elliot, Wilson 52 M Black Barber North Carolina
Toledo Ward 3 63 Green, Susan 10 F Black Domestic Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 64 Davis, Nancy 22 F Black Servant Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 65 Johnson, Elizabeth 24 F Black Keeping House North Carolina
Toledo Ward 3 65 Johnson, Mary E 4 F Black At-Home Canada
Toledo Ward 3 66 Thomas, Addie 5 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 66 Thomas, John 2 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 66 Thomas, John 30 M Black Physician Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 66 Thomas, Mary 30 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 66 Thomas, Sarah 3 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 67 Martin, Etta 6 F Mullatto At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 67 Martin, Sarah 29 F Mullatto Keeping House Canada X X
Toledo Ward 3 67 Martin, Thomas 28 M Mullatto Cook New York
Toledo Ward 3 67 Smith, Carrie 19 F White Domestic Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 68 Ferguson, Ada 15 F Mullatto At-Home Illinois
Toledo Ward 3 68 Ferguson, Carter 58 M Mullatto Cook Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 68 Ferguson, Jessy 9 M Mullatto At-Home Illinois
Toledo Ward 3 68 Ferguson, Lucinda 38 F Mullatto Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 68 Ferguson, Willie 6 M Mullatto At-Home Illinois
Toledo Ward 3 68 Robinson, Braxton 94 M Black Boarder Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 69 Fearing, Sarah 42 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 69 Fearing, Wm. L 49 M Black Barber Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 70 Day, Florence 12 F Black At School Canada X
Toledo Ward 3 70 Day, Lucy S. 35 F Black Teacher Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 71 Abrams, Charles 12 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 71 Abrams, Della 10 F Mullatto At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 71 Abrams, Harvey 14 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 71 Abrams, James 39 M Mullatto Barber Ohio Enumberated in white household of Robert Smith
Toledo Ward 3 71 Abrams, Lilly 3 F Mullatto At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 71 Abrams, Lilly 32 F Mullatto Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 71 Abrams, Mary 5 F Mullatto At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 71 Abrams, Netta 0.166666667 F Mullatto At-Home Ohio Apr
Toledo Ward 3 71 Abrams, Robert 8 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 72 Dooms, John 8 M Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 72 Dooms, Margarett 30 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 73 Logan, John 35 M Black Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 74 Slater, Samuel 25 M Black Servant Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 75 Getrell, David H 11 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 75 Getrell, Ellent 32 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 75 Getrell, Wm 42 M Black Plasterer  $         3,000.00 Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 75 Harris, Samuel 24 M Black Laborer Canada
Toledo Ward 3 75 Johnson, Marlins 25 M Black Laborer Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 76 Francis E 1 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 76 Remley, George 32 M Black Laborer Massachuesetts
Toledo Ward 3 76 Remley, George H 2 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 76 Remley, Mary E 20 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 77 Anderson, Nelson 45 F Black Boarder Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 78 Harris, Annie 4 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 78 Harris, Charles 9 M Black Scholar Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 78 Harris, Eliza 29 F Black Keeping House Indiana
Toledo Ward 3 78 Harris, Ellen 7 F Black Scholar Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 78 Harris, Isaac 51 M Black Laborer Missouri Enumerated in white household of Emily Birdwell – House Keeper
Toledo Ward 3 78 Harris, Julia 0.166666667 F Black At-Home Ohio Apr
Toledo Ward 3 78 Harris, Mary 5 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 79 Jones, Louisa 19 F Black Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 79 Speed, Eliza 20 F Black Hair Dresser Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 80 Ovals, Lizzie 38 F Black Servant Oiho
Toledo Ward 3 80 Ward, Charles P 11 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 80 Ward, Hester 13 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 80 Ward, John 9 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 80 Ward, Julia 15 F Black At-Home Onio
Toledo Ward 3 80 Ward, Madilta 34 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 80 Ward, Mary 17 F Black Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 80 Ward, Sam 40 M Black Cook Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 81 Chen, James 52 M Black Roofer Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 82 Williams, Ann 16 F Black Scholar Michigan Enumerated with mullatto household of Thomas Jones – Barber
Toledo Ward 3 82 Williams, Ellen 21 F Black At-Home Indiana
Toledo Ward 3 82 Williams, Julia 19 F Black At-Home Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 82 Williams, Mary 40 F Black Servant Louisiana
Toledo Ward 3 82 Williams, May 55 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 83 Walbridge, Mary 20 F Black Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 84 Henry, Aaron 10 M Black At-Home Canada X X
Toledo Ward 3 84 Henry, Ardilda 16 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 84 Henry, Jane 20 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 84 Henry, Julia 40 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 85 Van Brunt, Edward 15 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 85 Van Brunt, Eva 5 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 85 Van Brunt, Frederick 7 M Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 85 Van Brunt, Joseph 35 M Black Hotel Waiter New York
Toledo Ward 3 85 Van Brunt, Mary 30 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 85 Van Brunt, Nettie 1 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 85 Van Brunt, William 10 M Black At-Home Ohio X Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 3 86 Thomas, Adaliza 5 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 86 Thomas, John 2 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 86 Thomas, Joseph 45 M Black Physician Indiana
Toledo Ward 3 86 Thomas, Mary 36 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 86 Thomas, Sarah 3 F Black At-Home Ohio Enumerated in black household of Wm. Getrell – Plasterer
Toledo Ward 3 87 Cowan, William 22 M Black Servant Pennsylvania Enumerated in white household of Henry H Warren – Farmer
Toledo Ward 3 88 Ward, Mary 45 F Black Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 89 Ward, Julia 13 F Black Servant Ohio Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 3 90 Humphy, Josie 18 F Black Servant Tennessee
Toledo Ward 3 91 Myrick, Albert 7 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 91 Myrick, Ida E 9 F Mullatto At-Home Canada X
Toledo Ward 3 91 Myrick, John E 39 M Mullatto Tailor South Carolina
Toledo Ward 3 91 Myrick, Manda 4 F Mullatto At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 91 Myrick, Mary 35 F Mullatto Keeping House Indiana
Toledo Ward 3 91 Myrick, Myrtle 0.666666667 F Mullatto At-Home Ohio Oct Enumerated with black household of Westley Miles – Carpenter
Toledo Ward 3 92 Smith, George 22 M Black In Jail Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 93 Knox, Mary 20 F Black In Jail Maryland
Toledo Ward 3 94 Moore, David 25 M Black In Jail Canada X X
Toledo Ward 3 95 Washington, Jno 28 M Black Cook Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 96 Washington, Edward 20 M Black Barber Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 96 Washington, Mary E 22 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 97 Johnson, Ardella 30 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 97 Johnson, Henry 30 m Black White Washer Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 98 Ward, Catharine 30 F Black Keeping House Maryland
Toledo Ward 3 98 Ward, Charles A. 4 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 98 Ward, John W 2 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 98 Ward, Mary E 5 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 98 Ward, Thomas 38 M Black Brick Mason Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 98 Ward, Thomas T 0.416666667 M Black At-Home Ohio Jan
Toledo Ward 3 98 Ward, William E 7 M Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 99 Toney, Joe 28 M Black Grocer  $         2,000.00  $          1,000.00 Georgia
Toledo Ward 3 100 Benson, Henry 40 M Black Laborer Georgia
Toledo Ward 3 101 Wight, Frederick 35 M Black Laborer Arkansas
Toledo Ward 3 101 Wright, Lucy 4 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 101 Wright, Mary 23 F Black Keeping House New York
Toledo Ward 3 102 Ackley, Gustavus 22 M Black Laborer New York
Toledo Ward 3 102 Adams, Peter 40 M Black Laborer Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 102 Adams, Sarah E 47 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 3 102 Handy, Edward 51 M Black Laborer Delawae
Toledo Ward 3 102 Hossieos, George 24 M Black Barber North Carolina
Toledo Ward 3 102 Lwson, Emma 16 F Black At-Home Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 102 Wearing, William 35 M Black Minister Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 102 Williams, Conel 35 M Black Barber North Carolina
Toledo Ward 3 102 Young, Daniel 26 M Black Brick Mason Delawae
Toledo Ward 3 103 Young, Betty E 3 F Black At-Home Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 103 Young, John W 13 M Black At-Home Pennsylvania X
Toledo Ward 3 103 Young, John W 29 M Black Laborer Pennsylvania Enumberated in white household of Rob Titus
Toledo Ward 3 103 Young, Martha 22 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 104 Walker, Charles 40 M Black Laborer Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 3 104 Walker, Eliza 35 F Black Keeping House Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 3 105 Lawson, Ellen 50 F Black Keeping House Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 3 105 Lawson, Emily 12 F Black At-Home Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 3 105 Lawson, Maria 17 F Black At-Home Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 3 106 Jones, Augustus 1 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 106 Jones, Eli 8 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 106 Jones, Mary 31 F Mullatto Keeping House Canada
Toledo Ward 3 106 Jones, Roswell 5 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 106 Jones, Thomas 9 M Mullatto At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 3 106 Jones, Wiley M. 40 M Mullatto Cook at Hotel  $         1,000.00 North Carolina
Toledo Ward 3 107 Walker, Hattie 20 F Black Seamstress Indiana
Toledo Ward 3 107 Walker, Lottie 50 F Black Seamstress Indiana
Toledo Ward 3 108 Lee, Dennis 8 M Black At-Home Ohio Enumerated in black household of Stephen Wood – Farmer
Toledo Ward 3 108 Lee, Garlin 0.166666667 M Black At-Home Ohio Apr
Toledo Ward 3 108 Lee, Jacob 29 M Black Laborer  $         1,500.00 Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 108 Lee, Laurie 26 F Black Keeping House Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 3 109 Lee, George 24 M Black Laborer Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 3 109 Lee, Sarah 22 F Black Keeping House Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 3 109 Lee, Theodore 1 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 110 Price, James 27 M Black Carpenter  $         2,000.00 Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 110 Price, Martha 19 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 111 Chase, Allen W 37 M Black Saloon Maryland
Toledo Ward 3 111 Chase, Eliza 28 F Black Keeping House Louisiana
Toledo Ward 3 112 Leangin, Elizabeth 12 F Black At-Home Canada X X
Toledo Ward 3 112 Leangin, Fanny 9 F Black At-Home Canada X X
Toledo Ward 3 112 Leangin, John 3 M Black At-Home Canada X X
Toledo Ward 3 112 Leangin, Mary 1 F Black At-Home Ohio X X
Toledo Ward 3 112 Leangin, Sarah 29 F Black Keeping House Canada X X
Toledo Ward 3 112 Leangin, Thomas 7 M Black At-Home Canada X X Enumerated in white household of Wm Haskins – Farmer
Toledo Ward 3 112 Leangin, Wm 35 M Black Laborer  $         3,000.00 Louisiana
Toledo Ward 3 113 Arnold, John 18 M Black Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 113 Pressey, Thomas 15 M Black Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 114 Washington, George 18 M Black Cook Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 115 Tate, Harry 28 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 116 Hayes, Anna 16 F Black At-Home Ohio Enumerated in white household of Henry Kingsbury
Toledo Ward 3 116 Merritt, Annette M 18 F Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 116 Merritt, Elizabeth 49 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 116 Merritt, William 50 M Black Laborer Virginia
Toledo Ward 3 116 Van Brunt, Eddy 15 M Black Barber Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 117 Hafler, George R 24 M Black Barber North Carolina
Toledo Ward 3 117 Highwarden, Jacob 25 M Black Barber Canada
Toledo Ward 3 117 Smith, Wilmot 22 M Black Barber New York
Toledo Ward 3 118 Walden, Jesse 40 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 118 Walden, Mary 35 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 118 Walden, simon 18 M Black At-Home Ohio
Toledo Ward 3 119 Rue, Thomas J 30 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 120 Alexander, R. 19 M Black Barber Michigan
Toledo Ward 4 121 Williams, Anna 1 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 121 Williams, Charles 4 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 121 Williams, Edward 35 M Black Laborer Kentucky
Toledo Ward 4 121 Williams, Minervy 19 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 4 123 Ward, Sam 40 M Black 1st Cook Kentucky
Toledo Ward 4 124 West, William 39 M Black Hotel Porter Virginia
Toledo Ward 4 125 Delaney, Thomas 34 M Black Yard Man Ohoi
Toledo Ward 4 126 Ball, Wm 53 M Black Cook Ohio Lived in white household of Jessy Simon – Restaurant Keeper
Toledo Ward 4 127 Hall, JJ 35 M Black Porter Ohio Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 4 128 Grandy, Iser 28 M Black Porter Ohio Enumberated in white household of Henry burch – Farmer
Toledo Ward 4 129 Johnson, Carolina 40 F Black Domestic Servant New York
Toledo Ward 4 130 Carter, Charles 9 M Black Canada X
Toledo Ward 4 130 Carter, Henrietta 43 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 4 130 Carter, Wm 23 M Black Saloon Keeper  $              500.00 North Carolina
Toledo Ward 4 130 Highwarden, J. 34 M Black Laborer  ` Kentucky
Toledo Ward 4 130 Jackson, John 31 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 130 Johnson, Paul 40 M Black White Washer Alabama
Toledo Ward 4 130 McCown, H. 26 M Black Mill Fireman Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 130 Sly, Bella 24 F Black Domestic Servant Michigan
Toledo Ward 4 130 St. Clair, John 38 M Black Laborer South Carolina
Toledo Ward 4 130 Stewart, H 33 M Black Sailor Canada Enumerated in white household of Irwin O Brown – Farmer
Toledo Ward 4 131 Balley, Fred 14 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 131 Balley, Hatty 4 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 131 Balley, Jessy 9 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 131 Balley, John 7 M Mullatto Ohio Enumerated in black household of Lewis Thomas – Merchant
Toledo Ward 4 131 Balley, Sarah 36 F Mullatto Keeping House Kentucky Prisoner in the Lucas County Jail
Toledo Ward 4 131 Balley, Virginia 11 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 131 Balley, W. H 50 M Black Cook at Hotel Virginia
Toledo Ward 4 131 Balley, Wallace 2 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 132 Hart, Julia 69 F Mullatto Virginia
Toledo Ward 4 133 Veerman, Carolina 30 F Black Keeping House New York
Toledo Ward 4 133 Veerman, John 10 M Black X
Toledo Ward 4 134 Jenkins, Julia 40 F Black Keeping House Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 4 134 Jenkins, Robert 46 M Black White Washer  $              700.00 Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 135 Arnett, Bingman 32 M Black Minister Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 4 135 Highwater, Jack 36 M Black Barber Michigan
Toledo Ward 4 135 Jenkins, Alice 13 F Black Ohio X
Toledo Ward 4 135 Jenkins, Hatty 65 F Black Maryland
Toledo Ward 4 135 Jenkins, Helen 14 F Black Ohio X
Toledo Ward 4 135 Jenkins, Henrietta 10 F Black Ohio X
Toledo Ward 4 135 Jenkins, Mary 22 F Black Dress Maker Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 135 Jenkins, Varry 21 F Black Dress Maker Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 135 Jenkins, William 16 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 135 Jenkins, Wm. 22 M Black Hotel Waiter Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 135 Smith, Willworth 22 M Black Barber Michigan
Toledo Ward 4 135 Vina, Charles 23 M Black Engineer Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 136 Henry, Gusta 9 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 136 Henry, Hatty 20 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 136 Henry, Mary 47 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 136 Henry, Victoria 4 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 136 Jones, Virginia 38 F Black Domestic Servant Michigan
Toledo Ward 4 137 Alexander, Robert 39 M Black Barber Maryland
Toledo Ward 4 137 Bradfield, Abraham 5 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 137 Bradfield, D. R. 44 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 137 Bradfield, John 14 M Black Ohio X
Toledo Ward 4 137 Bradfield, Lewis 3 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 137 Bradfield, Margaret 30 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 137 Bradfield, Robert 1 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 137 Tanner, Lizzie 19 F White Domestic Servant Michigan
Toledo Ward 4 138 Smith, Mary 12 F Black Dress Maker Tennessee
Toledo Ward 4 139 Joyner, James 20 M Black Barber Michigan
Toledo Ward 4 139 Thomas, Charlotte 3 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 139 Thomas, Lewis 33 M Black Merchant North Carolina
Toledo Ward 4 139 Thomas, Lewis 1 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 139 Thomas, Mary 24 F Black Keeping House North Carolina
Toledo Ward 4 139 Thomas, Rosa 6 F Black Ohio Enumerated in white householdWm Whitney – music instrument dealer  (look up Whitney high school)
Toledo Ward 4 140 Laws, Mary 17 F Black Domestic Servant Alabama
Toledo Ward 4 140 Montgomery, Eddy 40 M White Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 140 Tildon, Jenny 40 F Black Delaware
Toledo Ward 4 140 Tildon, John 40 M Black Restaurant  $         4,000.00  $          2,000.00 Delaware
Toledo Ward 4 141 Anderson, Ann 4 F Black Kentucky
Toledo Ward 4 141 Anderson, John 23 M Black Cook & Eating at Hotel Tennessee
Toledo Ward 4 141 Andeson, Lizzie 27 F Black Keeping House Kentucky Enumerated in black household of Marshall Peters – Laborer
Toledo Ward 4 142 Brown, Ann 38 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 142 Brown, James 41 M Black Steward at Hotel Ohio
Toledo Ward 4 143 Jones, James 49 M Black Yard Man Kentucky
Toledo Ward 5 144 Van Brunt, T 40 M Black Hotel Waiter Missouri
Toledo Ward 5 145 Williams, Simon 42 M Black Yard Man Kentucky
Toledo Ward 5 146 Brice, Sam 26 M Black Hotel Porter Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 147 Price, Jery 30 M Black Hotel Porter Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 148 Jones, John 17 M Black Bell Boy Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 149 Arnold, Albert 16 M Black Bell Boy Ohio Enumerated in Lucas County Infirmary *
Toledo Ward 5 150 Tillon, John 58 M Black Keeps Restaurant  $         8,000.00  $          1,000.00 Delaware X X Enumerated in Lucas County Infirmary *
Toledo Ward 5 150 Tillon, Sarah 40 F Black House Keeper Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 5 151 Brown, Mary 16 F Mullatto Cook Delaware
Toledo Ward 5 152 Brown, Calvin 18 M Black Waiter at Hotel Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 153 Miller, James 16 M Black Works on Tug Boat Ohio X X
Toledo Ward 5 154 Harris, Isaac 42 M Black Hotel Cook South Carolina
Toledo Ward 5 155 Davis, Manus 48 M Black Hotel Cook Florida
Toledo Ward 5 156 Douglas, Lewis 20 M Black Hotel Running Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 157 Cowel, John 22 M Black Omnibus Driver Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 158 Brown, James 25 M Black Hotel Waiter Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 159 Williams, Ben 25 M Black Hotel Waiter New York
Toledo Ward 5 160 Means, James 22 M Mullatto Hotel Waiter Virginia
Toledo Ward 5 161 Cannon, John 26 M Black Hotel Waiter Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 162 Motten, William 20 M Black Hotel Waiter Kentucky
Toledo Ward 5 163 Smith, Thos. 22 M Black Hotel Waiter Kentucky
Toledo Ward 5 164 Hartnell, James 21 M Black Hotel Waiter Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 165 Cox, Arthur 22 M Mullatto Hotel Waiter Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 166 Schaffer, Harry 20 M Mullatto Bell Boy Ohio
Toledo Ward 5 167 Whitfred, John 21 M Black Barber Ohio Enumerated in white household of James McCabe – Weaver
Toledo Ward 5 168 Washington, Ed 22 M Black Barber Ohio Enumerated with white household of Winslow Isherwood – Man of Tobacco
Toledo Ward 5 169 Bolden, Levy 22 M Black Hotel Porter Alabama
Toledo Ward 5 170 Fergeson(?), Edward 15 M Black Works in Hotel Canada Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 5 170 Fergeson(?), Susan 22 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 5 170 Furgeson(?), Charly 9 M Black Canada X
Toledo Ward 5 170 Furgeson(?), Edward 68 M Black Barber Virginia
Toledo Ward 5 170 Furgeson(?), Lenice 8 F Black Canada X
Toledo Ward 5 170 Furgeson(?), Nancy 6 F Black Canada
Toledo Ward 5 170 Furgeson(?), Olivia 14 F Black Canada X Enumerated in white household of Wm Hamon – Laborer
Toledo Ward 5 170 Furgeson(?), Susan 11 F Black Canada X
Toledo Ward 5 171 Lot, Eveline 51 F Black Keeping House Indiana
Toledo Ward 5 171 Lot, Henry 50 M Black Brick Mason  $            800.00 Indiana
Toledo Ward 5 171 Lot, Stony 17 M Black Tailor Ohio
Toledo Ward 6 172 Hetzel, Frank 2 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 6 172 Hetzel, Jerry 27 M Mullatto Barber Ohio
Toledo Ward 6 172 Hetzel, Maggie 25 F Mullatto Keeping House Ohio Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 7 173 White, Anna 8 F Black Canada X
Toledo Ward 7 173 White, Emory 1 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 173 White, Georgianna 29 F Black Keeping House Mississippi
Toledo Ward 7 173 White, Jane 3 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 173 White, John N 37 M Black Clergyman  $         3,000.00  $              150.00 Virginia Enumerated in black household of John Tildon – restauranteur
Toledo Ward 7 174 Cramer, Susan 50 F Black Keeping House Kentucky X x Prisoner in the Lucas County Jail
Toledo Ward 7 174 Cramer, William 50 M Black Laborer Kentucky X X Enumerated in white household of Henry Kingsbury
Toledo Ward 7 174 Walker, William 30 M Black White Washer Kentucky X Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 7 175 Craig, Ambrose 83 M Black At-Home North Carolina
Toledo Ward 7 175 Craig, Missouri 22 F Black Seamstress Canada
Toledo Ward 7 175 Franklin, Elvira 15 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 7 175 Franklin, Fanny 17 F Black At-Home Indiana X
Toledo Ward 7 175 Franklin, Mary 13 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Toledo Ward 7 175 Franklin, Olivia 35 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 7 175 Franklin, Samuel W 38 M Black Barber North Carolina
Toledo Ward 7 176 Rhodes, Albert 7 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 176 Rhodes, George 25 M Black Vessel Cook Indiana X X
Toledo Ward 7 176 Rhodes, George 4 M Black Ohio Enumerated in white household of Mary Calder – Keeping House
Toledo Ward 7 176 Rhodes, Levi 10 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 176 Rhodes, Samuel 12 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 176 Rhodes, Susan 28 F Black Keeping House Ohio X X
Toledo Ward 7 176 Rodes, Minnie 1 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 177 Macey, Horace 9 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 177 Macey, Mary 28 F Mullatto Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 7 177 Macey, Thomas 32 M Mullatto Carpenter  $         1,000.00  $              150.00 Virginia
Toledo Ward 7 177 Macy, Elenora 3 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 177 Perrin, Virginia 18 F Mullatto At-Home Virginia
Toledo Ward 7 178 Ward, Anna 35 F Black At-Home
Toledo Ward 7 178 Washington, George 40 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 178 Washington, Mary 30 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 179 McCoul, Mary 14 F Black Domestic Servant Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 180 Jackson, Henry 29 M Black Laborer  $         1,000.00 Virginia X X Enumerated in black household of Sam Ward – Cook
Toledo Ward 7 180 Jackson, James 3 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 180 Jackson, Martha 26 F Black Keeping House Alabama X X
Toledo Ward 7 180 Jackson, Wm 0.25 M Black Ohio May Enumerated in white household of Wm Hamon – Laborer
Toledo Ward 7 181 Nelson, Caroline 45 F Black Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 7 181 Nelson, John 48 M Black Laborer Virginia
Toledo Ward 7 182 Mitcherson, Ella F 26 F Black Keeping House Tennessee
Toledo Ward 7 182 Mitcherson, Smith 27 M Black Laborer Kentucky X X
Toledo Ward 7 183 Getsel, David 47 M Black Plasterer  $         1,000.00 Virginia
Toledo Ward 7 183 Getsel, Johanna 34 F Black Keeping House Indiana
Toledo Ward 7 184 Preston, Alice 9 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 7 184 Preston, Edward 70 M Mullatto Brick Mason  $         1,800.00 Virginia Enumerated with mullatto household of Thomas Macey – Carpenter
Toledo Ward 7 184 Preston, Martha 40 F Mullatto Keeping House Virginia
Toledo Ward 7 184 Preston, Martha 11 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 185 Mattimore(?), Carey 2 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 185 Mattimore(?), John 36 M Black White Washer  $              400.00 Arkansas
Toledo Ward 8 185 Mattimore(?), John 0.75 M Black Ohio Sept
Toledo Ward 8 185 Mattimore(?), Lizzie 24 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 8 185 Mattimore(?), Lizzie 6 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 185 Mattimore(?), Minnie 4 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 186 Myles, Peachy 24 F Black Keeping House North Carolina
Toledo Ward 8 186 Myles, Wm 34 M Black Brick Layer  $            600.00 Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 186 Myles, Wm 0.5 M Black Ohio Feb
Toledo Ward 8 187 Miles, Mary 30 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 187 Miles, Wm M 30 M Black Plasterer  $              200.00 Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 188 Bell, Andrew 12 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 188 Bell, Entorah 20 F Black Seamstress Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 188 Bell, George 0.833333333 M Black Ohio July
Toledo Ward 8 188 Bell, Louisa 45 F Black Keeping House Tennessee
Toledo Ward 8 188 Bell, M S 16 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 188 Bell, Madison 47 M Black Plasterer  $            800.00 Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 188 Bell, Thomas 15 M Black Laborer Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 188 Bell, Wm 18 M Black Barber Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 189 Miles, Alvey 40 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 8 189 Miles, Ellen 12 F Black Alabama X Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 8 189 Miles, Frank 8 M Black Alabama X
Toledo Ward 8 189 Miles, Laura 13 F Black Alabama X Enumerated in white household of George Watson
Toledo Ward 8 189 Miles, Westley 42 m Black Carpenter  $            800.00 Kentucky Enumerated in white household of C.W. Ferguson – Farmer
Toledo Ward 8 190 Hawkins, James 35 M Black Laborer New Jersey
Toledo Ward 8 190 Hawkins, Jenny 3 F Black Ohio X
Toledo Ward 8 190 Hawkins, Mary 30 F Black Keeping House Canada
Toledo Ward 8 191 Driskole(?), Andy 40 M Black Laborer  $            600.00 Kentucky
Toledo Ward 8 191 Driskole(?), Robert 1 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 191 Driskole(?), Susan 36 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Toledo Ward 8 192 Cole, Anna 28 F Black Keeping House Canada
Toledo Ward 8 192 Cole, John 36 M Black Laborer  $            500.00 Canada
Toledo Ward 8 193 Roderick, Bella 22 F Black Keeping House Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 8 193 Roderick, Louisa 4 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 193 Roderick, Maggie 6 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 193 Roderick, Richard 2 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 193 Roderick, Robert 27 M Black Laborer Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 8 194 Greener, Helen 10 F Black Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 8 194 Greener, J.C. 57 M Black Barber Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 8 194 Greener, Kate A 15 F Black Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 8 194 Greener, Louisa 17 F Black Keeping House Pennsylvania Enumerated in mullatto household of Benjamin Tabot – Blacksmith
Toledo Ward 8 195 Douglas, Ann 3 F Mullatto Ohio Enumerated in black household of Carter Ferguson – Cook
Toledo Ward 8 195 Douglas, John 40 M Mullatto Saloon Keeper  $         1,800.00  $              250.00 New York Enumerated in mullatto household of Benjamin Tabot – Blacksmith
Toledo Ward 8 195 Douglas, Julia 33 F Mullatto Keeping House North Carolina
Toledo Ward 8 196 Cox, Lizzie 27 F Black Keeping House Pennsylvania
Toledo Ward 8 196 Cox, Sarah 7 F Black Michigan X
Toledo Ward 8 196 Cox, Vernal 30 M Black Hotel Waiter  $            600.00 Kentucky
Toledo Ward 8 197 Jones, Albert 5 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 197 Jones, Henry 31 M Black Laborer New York
Toledo Ward 8 197 Jones, Sarah 29 F Black Keeping House New York
Toledo Ward 8 198 Cunningham, Ann 46 F Black Keeping House Maryland
Toledo Ward 8 198 Cunningham, Ellen 15 F Black Maryland Enumerated in mullatto household of Hiram Lee – Drayman
Toledo Ward 8 198 Cunningham, Ester 0.416666667 F Black Ohio Jan Enumerated in white household of George Reynolds – Proprietor of Flour Mill (Reynolds Rd??)
Toledo Ward 8 198 Cunningham, Henry 25 M Black Laborer Maryland Enumerated with lawyer Frank Hurd
Toledo Ward 8 198 Cunningham, Mark 17 M Black Laborer Maryland
Toledo Ward 8 199 Stephen, Aussy 18 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 199 Stephen, Ellen 14 F Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 199 Stephen, George 19 M Black Teamster Indiana
Toledo Ward 8 199 Stephen, Wm 10 M Black Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 199 Turner, James 40 M Black Laborer Indiana
Toledo Ward 8 199 Turner, Rachel 45 F Black Keeping House Indiana
Toledo Ward 8 200 Coleman, Amy 40 F Black Keeping House South Carolina
Toledo Ward 8 200 Coleman, James 42 M Black Laborer South Carolina
Toledo Ward 8 201 Donerey, Bella 18 F Black Kentucky
Toledo Ward 8 201 Donerey, Flemming 60 M Black Laborer Kentucky
Toledo Ward 8 201 Donerey, Sarah 53 F Black Keeping House Kentucky Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 8 201 Johnson, Sam 40 M Black Laborer Kentucky Enumerated in white household of  W.W. Brainard – lumber merchant
Toledo Ward 8 201 Welles, Sophia 16 F Black Domestic Servant Kentucky
Toledo Ward 8 202 Wilson, C.E. 38 F Black Keeping House New Jersey
Toledo Ward 8 202 Wilson, G.B. 18 M Black Laborer New York Prisoner in the Lucas County Jail
Toledo Ward 8 202 Wilson, Henry M 16 M Black Horsler Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 202 Wilson, J.B. 44 M Black Hotel Waiter  $              200.00 New York
Toledo Ward 8 202 Wilson, John T 14 M Black Ohio X Enumerated at work
Toledo Ward 8 202 Wilson, Wm S. 11 M Black Ohio X
Toledo Ward 8 203 Rosedale(?), Joseph 12 M Black Delaware
Toledo Ward 8 203 Rosedale(?), Mary 30 F Black Keeping House Delaware
Toledo Ward 8 204 Hall, Toasey 19 M Black Domestic Servant Kentucky Twin
Toledo Ward 8 204 Jones, Ann 21 F Mullatto Keeping House North Carolina
Toledo Ward 8 204 Jones, Ellen 1 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo Ward 8 204 Jones, Sam 6 M Mullatto Ohio Twin
Toledo Ward 8 204 Jones, Thomas 30 M Mullatto Barber  $              200.00 North Carolina Twin
Toledo Ward 8 204 Jones, Walter 4 M Mullatto Ohio
Adams 204 Marshall, Ann 10 F Mullatto New York
Adams 204 Marshall, James 6 M Mullatto New York
Adams 205 Fields, Henry 15 M Mullatto Kentucky
Adams 205 Fields, John 4 M Mullatto Ohio Twin
Adams 205 Fields, Mary 29 F Mullatto Keeping House Indiana
Adams 205 Fields, Mary 4 F Mullatto Ohio
Adams 205 Fields, Wm. 40 M Mullatto Farmer  $          1,000.00 Kentucky
Adams 206 Jones, John 30 M Black Laborer Massachuesetts
Adams 207 Cunningham, Wm 18 M Black Horsler Kentucky
Adams 208 Snotwon, Arebelle 16 F Black Not Noted
Adams 208 Snotwon, Lincoln 7 M Black Not Noted Enumerated with black household of Rachel Turner – Keeping House
Adams 208 Snotwon, Minerva 14 F Black Not Noted Enumerated with black household of Rachel Turner – Keeping House
Adams 208 Snowton, G. Grant 5 M Black Not Noted Enumerated with black household of Rachel Turner – Keeping House
Adams 208 Snowton, George 10 M Black Not Noted Enumerated with black household of Rachel Turner – Keeping House
Adams 208 Snowton, Henry 10 M Black Not Noted
Adams 208 Snowton, Jane 38 F Black Keeping House Not Noted Enumberated in black household of Edward Points – laborer
Adams 208 Snowton, Joe 40 M Black Farmer  $         4,600.00  $          1,200.00 Not Noted Mentioned as victim in 1862 race riot in Toledo
Adams 208 Snowton, John 20 M Black Laborer Not Noted
Adams 208 Snowton, Joseph 18 M Black Laborer Not Noted
Adams 208 Snowton, Royal 7 M Black Not Noted
Manhatten 209 Norris, Jesse 44 M Black Plasterer Virginia X X
Manhatten 209 Norris, Rebecca 42 F Black Keeping House North Carolina X X
Manhatten 210 Cunningham, Edward 50 M Black Farmer  $              140.00 Virginia X X
Manhatten 210 Cunningham, Mary 80 F Black Keeping House Virginia X
Manhatten 211 Cromwell, Hannah 52 F Black Keeping House Canada X X Enumerated with John G Shattuck auctuioneer
Manhatten 211 Cromwell, Thomas 55 M Black Farmer Ohio
Manhatten 212 Johnson, Albert 35 M Mullatto Farm Hand Virginia
Manhatten 213 Williams, Edward 50 M Black Farmer  $         1,500.00  $              100.00 Kentucky X X
Manhatten 213 Williams, Emelie 39 F Black Keeping House Ohio X
Manhatten 213 Williams, Lincoln 8 M Black At-Home Michigan
Manhatten 213 Williams, Sarah 18 F Black At-Home Indiana X
Manhatten 213 Williams, Virginia 10 F Black At-Home Michigan
Manhatten 214 Hall, Anthony 34 M Mullatto Laborer Maryland
Manhatten 214 Hall, Catharine 32 F Mullatto Keeping House New York
Manhatten 214 Hall, Claude H 2 M Mullatto New York
Manhatten 214 Hall, Geoge F 0.25 M Mullatto Ohio Feb
Manhatten 215 Baker, William 16 M Black At-Home Kentucky
Manhatten 215 Mason, Bettie 6 F Black Ohio
Manhatten 215 Mason, George 48 M Black Farmer Virginia X X
Manhatten 215 Mason, Hattie 0.25 F Black Ohio May
Manhatten 215 Mason, Julia 13 F Black At-Home Kentucky
Manhatten 215 Mason, Mary 37 F Black Keeping House Kentucky
Manhatten 215 Mason, Mary 3 F Black Ohio
Manhatten 216 Flatshaw, Thomas 21 M Black Laborer Maryland Twin
Manhatten 216 Lyons, William 18 M Black Laborer Maryland
Manhatten 216 Peters, David 21 M Black Laborer Virginia X X
Manhatten 216 Peters, Jan 57 F Black Keeping House Virginia X X Enumerated in white household of John Denny
Manhatten 216 Peters, Lavina 15 F Black At-Home Virginia
Manhatten 216 Peters, Marshall 64 M Black Laborer  $            600.00 Virginia X X
Manhatten 216 Peters, Mary 18 F Black At-Home Virginia X Twin
Manhatten 216 Peters, Rose 17 F Black At-Home Virginia X
Manhatten 217 Powers, Elizabeth 45 F Black Keeping House Tennessee X X
Manhatten 217 Powers, John 66 M Black Laborer Maryland X X
Manhatten 217 Powers, William 24 M Black Laborer Indiana X X Enumerated at work
Manhatten 217 Saunder, Betsey 18 F Black At-Home Pennsylvania Enumerated at work
Manhatten 217 Saunder, Frances 46 M Black Farmer  $              500.00 Maryland X X
Manhatten 217 Saunder, Frank 16 M Black Sailor Pennsylvania
Manhatten 217 Saunder, Louise 47 F Black Keeping House Maryland X
Manhatten 217 Saunder, Margaret 12 F Black At-Home Canada
Manhatten 217 Saunder, Prisilla 79 F Black At-Home Maryland X X
Manhatten 217 Saunder, Richard 19 M Black At-Home Pennsylvania X
Manhatten 217 Saunder, William 14 M Black At-Home Canada
Maumee Ward 1 218 Royster, Moses 21 M Black Laborer North Carolina X X
Maumee Ward 2 219 Cromwell, Elizabeth 27 F Mullatto Keeping House Ohio
Maumee Ward 2 219 Cromwell, George 26 M Mullatto Laborer Ohio
Maumee Ward 2 219 Cromwell, Georgiana 3 F Mullatto Ohio Enumerated at work
Maumee Ward 2 219 Cromwell, Mary E 0.5 F Mullatto Ohio Dec
Maumee Ward 2 219 Cromwell, William 10 M Mullatto Ohio
Monclova 220 Lee, Anna 4 F Black Ohio
Monclova 220 Lee, Della 5 F Black Ohio
Monclova 220 Lee, Eliza 67 F Black Keeping House Virginia X X Enumerated in white household of G. Walbridge (female)
Monclova 220 Lee, Elizabeth 3 F Black Ohio
Monclova 220 Lee, George 70 M Black Farm Hand Virginia X X
Monclova 220 Lee, Laura 21 F Black Virginia X
Monclova 220 Lee, Louisa 23 F Black Keeping House Virginia X
Monclova 220 Lee, Mary 21 F Black Virginia X X
Oregon 221 Dent, C. B. 2 F Black Ohio
Oregon 221 Dent, C. E 6 F Black Ohio X
Oregon 221 Dent, George 10 M Black Kentucky Enumerated with black household of William Cramer – Laborer
Oregon 221 Dent, John 48 M Black Laborer Ohio X
Oregon 221 Dent, John 14 M Black Ohio
Oregon 221 Dent, Julia 13 F Black Kentucky
Oregon 221 Dent, L. J. 8 F Black Ohio
Oregon 221 Dent, Minnie 4 F Black Ohio X
Oregon 221 Dent, S. J. 37 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Springfield 222 Thompson, Clara 4 F Black Ohio
Springfield 222 Thompson, H.H. 28 M Black Farm Laborer  $              400.00 Ohio X
Springfield 222 Thompson, Jan 32 F Black Keeping House Canada
Springfield 222 Thompson, John 4 M Black Ohio
Springfield 223 Thompson, Harriet 19 F Black Keeping House Canada X
Springfield 223 Thompson, Isa A 0.333333333 F Black Ohio Feb
Springfield 223 Thompson, John W 23 M Black Farm Laborer Ohio X
Springfield 224 Doshan, Frank 4 M Black Ohio
Springfield 224 Doshan, Jan 30 F Black Keeping House Kentucky X X
Springfield 224 Doshan, Jan 7 F Black Ohio
Springfield 224 Doshan, Paul 2 M Black Ohio
Springfield 224 Doshan, Robert 55 M Black Farm Laborer Kentucky X X
Swanton 225 Hays, Lewis 5 M Black Michigan Enumerated at work
Swanton 225 Hays, Louisa 32 F Black Keeping House Canada
Swanton 225 Hays, Silas 1 M Black Ohio Enumerated in hotel of John C Ruttlege
Swanton 225 Hays, William 45 M Black Laborer  $            600.00 Missouri
Swanton 225 Hays, William Jr. 12 M Black Canada X X
Sylvania 226 Garrison, William H 38 M Black Barber New York
Sylvania 227 Manual, Isaac 1 M Black Michigan X
Sylvania 227 Manuel, Anna 20 F Black Keeping House Canada
Sylvania 227 Manuel, Robert 6 M Black Canada X
Sylvania 227 Manuel, Victoria 2 F Black Michigan X
Sylvania 228 Harper, Anderson 43 M Black Laborer Miss X
Sylvania 228 Harper, Augustus 3 M Black Canada
Sylvania 228 Harper, Corren 11 M Black Canada X X
Sylvania 228 Harper, Henrietta 4 F Black Michigan
Sylvania 228 Harper, James 4 M Black Ohio Enumerated in black household of Ira Hurst – Farmer (wife Elizabeth was said to be his daughter)
Sylvania 228 Harper, Matilda 24 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Sylvania 228 Harper, Wallace 1 M Black Ohio
Sylvania 229 Nathan, Joseph Jr 32 M Black Works in Stave Factor Pennsylvania
Sylvania 229 Nathan, Joseph Sr 58 M Black Employed in ___  $              100.00 Pennsylvania
Sylvania 230 Wood, Albert H 22 M Black Works in Stave Factor Michigan
Sylvania 230 Wood, Theodore 24 M Black Works in Stave Factor  $            130.00 Michigan Enumerated at work
Sylvania 231 Harris, Thomas 55 M Black Farm Laborer Virginia X X
Sylvania 232 Johnson, Cornelia 13 F Black At-Home Canada X X
Sylvania 232 Johnson, David 53 M Black Farmer  $            400.00 Kentucky
Sylvania 232 Johnson, Delia 34 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Sylvania 233 Jackson, Henry 20 M Black Farm Laborer Canada
Sylvania 233 Wood, Amanda 55 F Black Keeping House Kentucky X X
Sylvania 233 Wood, Stephen 58 M Black Farmer  $            400.00  $              150.00 New York X
Sylvania 234 Hurst, Bentley 8 M Black Ohio X Enumerated at work
Sylvania 234 Hurst, Eleanor 10 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Sylvania 234 Hurst, Elizabeth 12 F Black At-Home Ohio X
Sylvania 234 Hurst, Elizabeth 33 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Sylvania 234 Hurst, Elsie 6 F Black Ohio X
Sylvania 234 Hurst, Ezella 4 F Black Ohio X
Sylvania 234 Hurst, Ira 13 M Black At-Home Ohio X
Sylvania 234 Hurst, Ira 48 M Black Farmer  $            500.00  $              200.00 Ohio
Sylvania 234 Hurst, Nellie 3 F Black Ohio
Sylvania 234 Hurst, Nora 0.416666667 F Black Ohio Jan
Sylvania 234 Wheeler, Amos 65 M Black Living with Daughter District of Columbia
Washington 235 Johnson, Iva 36 F Black Keeping House Ohio
Washington 235 Johnson, James A 18 M Black Farm Laborer Ohio X
Washington 235 Johnson, Lewis P 39 M Black Farm Laborer  $            300.00  $              100.00 Vermont Enumerated at work
Washington 235 Johnson, Theresa 8 F Black Ohio
Washington 235 Johnson, Wm W 15 M Black At-Home Ohio X
Washington 236 Griffin, Chas 30 M Black Farm Laborer Virginia
Washington 237 Pyatte, Solomon 22 M Black Farm Laborer South Carolina
Washington 238 Jones, Thomas 19 M Black Farm Laborer Virginia
Washington 239 Jones, Frances 9 F Black Pennsylvania
Washington 239 Jones, Martha 18 F Black At-Home Pennsylvania X X
Washington 239 Jones, Mary 49 F Black Keeping House Pennsylvania X
Washington 239 Jones, Nancy 10 F Black At-Home Pennsylvania X
Washington 240 Blackwell, Henry 30 M Black Farm Laborer Tennessee
Washington 240 Griffeth, Charles 28 M Black Farm Laborer Ohio
Washington 241 Osburn, Anderson 48 M Black Farm Laborer  $              100.00 Kentucky
Washington 241 Osburn, Margaret 1 F Black Ohio
Washington 241 Osburn, Rachel 37 F Black Keeping House Tennessee
Washington 241 Osburn, Rosanna 9 F Black Arkansas
Washington 241 Osburn, Sarah 12 F Black At-Home Arkansas X
Washington 241 Osburn, Theodore 3 M Black Ohio
Washington 242 Maynes, Alex 24 M Black Gardner  $         9,000.00  $              100.00 Georgia X
Washington 242 Maynes, Emma 24 F Black Keeping House Vermont
Washington 243 Christianson, L. 27 M Black Farm Laborer Tennessee
Washington 244 Cromwell, Wm 20 M Black Farm Laborer Ohio
Waterville 245 McCabe, John 30 M Black Laborer Missouri
Waynesville 246 Curtis, Abraham 59 M Black Kentucky X X
Waynesville 246 Curtis, Eliza 43 F Black Indiana X X
Total Number of Individuals 768
Total Number of Households 246
Number labled “Black” 644
Number labeled “Mullatto” 117
Number labeled “White” 6
Number of Mixed Race Families (white wife) 2
Number of Mixed Race Families (white husband) 1
First Most Popular Surname (Jones) including
one of my Jones families
24
Second Most Popular Surname (Johnson) 17
Numer of individuals who could not read/write 53
Number of individuals in Jail (David Moore, George Smith
and Mary Knox)
3
Number of children who attended school within the year 69
Average Age 24
Average Age of Males 25
Average Age of Females 22
Number of Females 371
Number of Males 397
Age of Oldest Male (Braxton Robinson) 94
Age of Oldest Female (Mary Cunningham) 80
Age of Youngest Male (Garlin Lee) 1 month
Age of Youngest Female (Julia Harris) 1 month
Toledo Residents 604
Sylvania Residents 33
Manhattan (North End) Residents 41
Swanton Residents 5
Monclova Residents 8
Oregon (East Side) Residents 9
Maumee Residents 6
Adams Residents 19
Washington Residents 25
Springfield Residents 12
Waynesville Residents 2
Waterville Residents 1
Value of Real Estate  $   73,430.00
Value of Personal Estates  $   12,440.00
Birthplace of AL 9
Birthplace of AR 4
Birthplace of Canada 48
Birthplace of CT 1
Birthplace of DE 9
Birthplace of DC 2
Birthplace of FL 1
Birthplace of GA 6
Birthplace of Germany 2
Birthplace of IL 4
Birthplace of IN 23
Birthplace of KY 81
Birthplace of LA 3
Birthpalce of MD 18
Birthplace of MA 2
Birthplace of MI 18
Birthplace of MS 2
Birthplace of MO 5
Birthplace of NJ 2
Birthplace of NY 19
Birthplace of NC 22
Birthplace of OH 330
Birthplace of PA 36
Birthplace of SC 11
Birthplace of TN 12
Birthplace of VT 2
Brithplace of VA 69
Birthplace of WI 1
Not noted birthplace 15
Occupation of Barber 32
Occupation of Bellboy 3
Occupation of Blacksmith 3
Occupation of Brick Mason/Layer 5 NOTE:  This was a wealthy demographic with real estate valued at $3200)
Occupation of Carpenter 3 NOTE: This was a wealthy demographic with real estate valued at $6800)
Occupation of Clergy/Minister 3 NOTE:  First pastor of Warren AME church included
Occupation of Cook 19
Occupation of Clerk 1
Occupation of Cooper 1
Occupation of Domestic Servant 39
Occupatoin of Drayman 1
Occupation of Dress Maker 3
Occupation of Engineer 1
Occupation of Farmer 10 NOTE:  This was the wealthiest demographic with real estate valued at $16400
Occupation of Farm Laborer 16
Occupation of Grocer 1
Occupation of Hair Dresser (female) 1
Occupation of Horsler 2
Occupation of Hotel Worker 21
Occupation of Restauranteur 1
Occupation of Laborer 85
Occupation of Physician 2
Occupation of Photographer 1
Occupation of Plasterer 6
Occupation of Porter 2
Occupation of Railroad Porter 1
Occupation of Roofer 1
Occupation of Sailor 3
Occupation of Saloonkeeper 2
Occupation of Seamstress (females) 4
Occupation of Tailor (males) 2
Occupation of Teacher (Lucy Day) 1
Occupation of Teamster 2
Occupation of Vessel Cook 1
Ocupationof White Washer 6
Occupation of Stave Factory Worker 3
Occupation of Tug Boat Laborer 1
Occupation of Yard Man 3

 

Early Toledo Black Citizens – William H. Merritt

William H. Merrit was first found in the Toledo area as being enumerated on the 1850 census at a local Inn in Lucas County, in the townshp of Waynesfield, Ohio in a business run by William Kingsbury. He was listed as a Barber and was 31 years old. On the 1860 census he owned property in Sylvania valued at $3,500, which was the most valuable property owned by a black man in the Toledo area in 1860. In his personal estate he held $500. William, in 1860, lived with his wife Elizabeth Merritt who was born in Ohio.
A review of early Lucas County marriage records showed that William H. Merritt Jr. was listed as marrying Elizabeth J. Ockray on July 24, 1851 and the marriage was performed by I. A. Newton in Lucas County.

Though it is difficult to piece together Mr. Merritt’s life from the small amount of resources available, perusing these records and various publications has shown that Mr. Merritt was an esteemed colored citizen of Lucas County and the City of Toledo. Mr. Merritt’s occupation was listed throughout the years (from 1850-1870) as a Barber, Hairdresser, and Wig Maker and during those decades he also housed other black/colored citizens of Toledo and Lucas County at his home and business address. Some businesses that were housed in his commercial location of 59 Summit Street, include the early photography studio of George Fields, Toledo’s first professional black photographer. Mr. Merritt also housed many young men and women who would go on to open their own businesses including various Barbers and Seamstresses/Dress Makers.

Due to a lack of available information, I could not solidly find anything regarding Mr. Merritt’s life prior to him moving to Northwest Ohio. A review of earlier census records was performed in order to check to see if any free black man named William Merritt may have been listed in Virginia. Since Mr. Merritt, per the marriage record on file in early Lucas County records stated he was WH Merritt Jr., it can be assumed that his father was William H Merritt Sr. On the 1840 Census there was a free man of color named Wm Merritt who lived in Brunswick County, Virginia with a family of 11 other free colored persons. There was also a white male on the 1840 Census in Brunswick County named Wm HE Merritt. He had enumerated in his household one free black male in the age range of Mr. Merritt of Toledo. He also had white family members and 6 slaves enumerated on the 1840 Census. Wm HE Merritt was also on the 1830 Census in the same county but had no free black household members and 9 slaves.

The most interesting hit in my research of the name “William Merritt” was that there was a reference to a William Merritt living in the Great Dismal Swamp of NC and VA in a book called “Swampers, Free Blacks, and the Great Dismal Swamp” compiled and abstracted by Harriette Thorn Kent. This was a very interesting tidbit of information since I have recently been reading about the black American “Maroon” communities of America. It is suspected that the largest settlement of black American Maroons (blacks who escaped slavery or indentured servitude and formed their own communities in hostile, hard to reach land areas) was in the Great Dismal Swamp. Archaeologists have found evidence that tens of thousands of black Americans lived alongside Native Americans in the swamp between the 17th century and the end of the Civil War.

Information regarding Mr. Merritt’s life in the Toledo area was found from a local publication regarding the Underground Rail Road history of Northwest Ohio and the Lathrop House of Sylvania. It showed that Mr. Merritt was involved as one of the 47 identified black/colored citizens of NW Ohio who participated and conducted activities of the Underground Railroad. It can be assumed that some of the individuals who lived with him in the 1850s and 1860s were participants in the Underground Railroad or conductors/assistants themselves. Mr. George Tucker identified as another black Toledoan involved in the Underground Railroad was also a Barber in the city.

An article published in the Daily Toledo Blade on December 30, 1858 stated as follows:

We are advised by the receipt of the proceedings of a meeting of colored people held at their school-house in this city, recently but which are too lengthy for our space, that a resolution was passed to send a delegate to the Under Ground R.R. Convention, to be held at Columbus on the 5th and 6th of January. Agreeable to previous arrangements a mass meeting was then held on Tuesday evening last, for the election of a delegate, resulting in the choice of G.W. Tucker. The officers of the meeting were W.H. Merritt, President, and M.H. Hawkins, Secretary

The information I did find on Mr. Merritt mostly involved his activities while living in the Toledo area. As stated he was a Barber and he owned valuable land in both the City of Toledo and in Sylvania. Mr. Merritt was a target of the 1862 Toledo Race Riot (I am currently working on a post regarding this riot based on local newspaper accounts during that era). Luckily the mob was persuaded to not ransack and destroy his residence on that day in 1862. It was stated that he lived on Erie St.

The Toledo City directory from 1867 through 1878 listed Mr. Merritt as “William H Merritt” and he had some advertisements shown in the directory. He was described as a “hair dresser and wig maker” with a business location at 59 1/2 Summit St and a residence at Jefferson and Erie Street in 1867. In 1874 his residence was at 88 Superior St. Both of these locations were in the heart of what is now Downtown Toledo and commercial buildings stand today where they once stood.

Per the 1860 Census entry, the Lucas County death register showed that Mr. Merritt died on December 9, 1879.

1860 Census Free People of Color in Toledo

I’ve been working on getting the data from the 1860 Census uploaded onto the site and it is listed below.  In contrast to the previous census transcriptions posted (1850 Census of Toledo and 1840 Census of Toledo‘s free person of color population) There were 270 individuals listed versus only 37 in 1840 and 121 in 1850.

There were some familiar surnames including FIELDS, DEASE, NICKLOS/NICKLAS, and WILLIAMS that were on previous census records.  Also even one of my own ancestor’s surnames – WHITFIELD.  Unfortunately a man by the name of John WHITFIELD was the only black person in jail when the 1860 census was taken!!  I’ll have to visit the library to see if they have any information on early jails and court records that have indexes to see if there is any information about what happened to him.

Some interesting information found in the 1860 is as follows:

OLDEST RESIDENT

The oldest black resident in Toledo was listed as Essa Brown who stated she was 116 years old!  I don’t know if I believe this but the record stated that she was born in Virginia. She lived in the Harris household, which was headed by Peter Harris and what looks to be his wife Maria.  There was another black resident with the surname BROWN  on the census  – JW BROWN.  He did not live in the same household and I am not certain if they were related.  Perusing the early death records of the City of Toledo showed that a black female child by the name of Minerva BROWN died in 1859 at the age of 12.  It is uncertain if she is related to either JW BROWN or Essa BROWN.

MENTION OF PROMINENT RESIDENT

An eight year old black child named William HINDERS(or HINDERSON) was enumerated in the household of Morrison R. WAITE, a prominent Toledo resident and who Waite High School is named after.  WAITE became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1874.

William HINDERS/HINDERSON was listed as a “servant” in the household and he did not attend school in 1860.

REAL ESTATE OWNED

There were six households who owned real estate with a total value of $6,800.00.  Those persons were:

  • Robert NICKLOS who was on the previous Census records for Toledo from 1840 and 1850. He was listed as a Carpenter in 1860 and was born in New York.   He owned real estate valued at $1500 and a personal estate value of $300
  • George W TUCKER who was listed as a Barber from Kentucky owned real state valued at $300 with a personal estate valued at $250.
  • Alford COALMAN/COLEMAN who was listed as a Laborer from Virginia owned real estate valued at $200. Records reviewed on FamilySearch.Org showed a an “Alfred COLEMAN” died in Toledo on July 15, 1867 of Consumption.  He was listed as black with the occupation of “Washer.” Alford COALMAN/COLEMAN was headed a household of 4 other free persons, including a white woman, seemingly his wife Catherine COALMAN/COLEMAN who was born in Germany and 3 “mullatto” children.
  • William H MERRILL/MERRITT who lived in Sylvania and had the highest valued property at $3,500 in Sylvania. He was also listed as a Barber and was from Virginia.  He also had a personal estate of $500.  There was an entry on FamilySearch.Org of a Wm A. MERRETT who died on December 9, 1879 at the age of 59 years.  His death record stated he was born in Virginia in 1820.  He was married and “colored” with the occupation of Barber.  (Citation:  “Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001,” database with images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F6X1-5YF : 13 December 2014), Wm. A. Merrett, 09 Dec 1879; citing Death, Toledo, Lucas, Ohio, United States, source ID P. 296-297, County courthouses, Ohio; FHL microfilm 909,032.).  William H. MERRITT lived in Toledo with a woman, seemingly is wife Elizabeth MERRITT.
  • Oliver JACOBS was owned real estate worth $300 and was from Indiana
  • John JACKSON was a Porter from Virginia who owned property valued at $1000.

EDUCATION AND SCHOOL

There were 22 children who were marked as having attended school in Toledo in the year of 1860.  Only 3 black children had attended school in 1850.  Per a previous entry regarding A Brief History of Toledo Public Schools, starting in 1853 all “colored” children were allowed to enter the public school system in segregated facilities.  In 1858 the city built a new school for black children and information from the Toledo Public School system showed that 31 children attended school in 1858 in that facility.  Some of the children in 1860 may not have been marked as having attended school or some may have left the system by 1860.  The children who attended school based on the 1860 Census were:

  • Charlotte L. NICKLOS age 9
  • Alphonse TUCKER age 16
  • Capar/Caspar TUCKER age 14
  • Carline FRANKLIN age 11
  • William FRANKLIN age 8
  • ___(unreadable) B. GREEN a female aged 13
  • Lerrisa(?) GREEN age 7
  • Edward WALKER age 15
  • George COALMAN/COLEMAN age 9
  • Julia COALMAN/COLEMAN age 7
  • Mary DENT age 10
  • William H. NATHAN age 14
  • Cornelius MARONY age 10
  • Sidney RICKEN age 8
  • George STEVENS age 10
  • Georgianna STEVENS age 8
  • David TABBOT age 8
  • Lusinda TABBOT age 12
  • John LOCK age 12
  • Albertson PARKS age 11
  • Mary E. EDWARDS age 9
  • Ellen LEWIS age 11

According to the 1860 Census 17 adult residents could not read or write out of 179 adults older than 15 years of age, so around 10% of the adult population were illiterate.

UPDATE:  Recently I have been doing some additional research into the JONES family headed by John W. JONES and Mary ARMSTRONG JONES.  One of their daughters Martha JONES married a man by the name of John DENT.  John DENT was the child of J. DENT and Sarah DENT shown on the 1860 Census below.

Below is a copy of the spreadsheet I created:

Residing In: Family# Name Age Gender Race Occupation  Value of RE  Value of PE Birthplace Attended school within the year Peron over 20 who cannot read/write Deaf,dumb, blind, insane idiotic, pauper or convict COMMENTS
Manhattan 1 Nicklos, Charlotte L. 9 F Mullatto Ohio Yes
Toledo 1 Nicklos, Electra 32 F Mullatto Michigan
Toledo 1 Nicklos, Florence 2 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 1 Nicklos, Isabelle 5 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 1 Nicklos, Robert 49 M Mullatto Carpenter  $      1,500.00  $       300.00 New York
Toledo 2 Fields, Anna (Mona) 13 F Black Ohio
Toledo 2 Fields, Harvey 48 M Black Labor  $                   –  $                – Canada
Toledo 2 Fields, Jane 43 F Black Washing  $                   –  $                – Canada
Toledo 2 Fields, John 11 M Black Ohio
Toledo 2 Fields, Lucious 18 M Black Labor Canada
Toledo 2 Fields, Mary 4 F Black Ohio
Toledo 2 Fields, Robert 21 M Black Teamster Canada
Toledo 2 Fields, William 14 M Black Canada
Toledo 3 Talbert, Benjamin F 19 M Black Barber Indiana
Toledo 4 Schuler, Charles 36 M White Laborer  $                   –  $                – Germany Cannot read/write Married to Mullatto woman
Toledo 4 Schuler, Elaina 40 F Mullatto North Carolina
Toledo 5 Hinders(Henderson), William 8 M Mullatto Ohio Lived in household of MR Waite, looks to be a servant boy.  Did not attend school
Toledo 6 Tucker, Alpheus(Alphonse) W. 16 M Mullatto Michigan Yes
Toledo 6 Tucker, Capar (Caspar) M. 14 M Mullatto Michigan Yes
Toledo 6 Tucker, George W. 48 M Mullatto Barber  $         300.00  $       250.00 Kentucky
Toledo 6 Tucker, Georgetta A. 18 F Mullatto Michigan
Toledo 6 Tucker, Mary W. 23 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 7 Franklin, Carline 11 F Mullatto Indiana Yes
Manhattan 7 Franklin, William 8 M Mullatto Indiana Yes
Toledo 7 Franklin, Amanda 19 F Mullatto Indiana
Toledo 7 Franklin, Ambros(Ambrose) 65 M Mullatto North Carolina Cannot read/write
Toledo 7 Franklin, John A. 22 M Mullatto Barber North Carolina
Toledo 8 Martin, Sara M 25 F Mullatto Canada
Toledo 8 Martin, Thomas 25 M Mullatto Cook New York
Toledo 8 Parker, Frank 5 M Ohio Lived with Martin family
Toledo 9 Green, Ellen 12 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 9 Green, Martha 26 F Mullatto Virginia
Toledo 9 Wright, John 27 M Black Porter Ohio
Toledo 10 Harris, Dennis 25 M Black Cook Michigan Lived with Watson Family
Toledo 10 Harris, Harriet 25 F White Germany Lived with Watson Family
Toledo 11 Watson, Henry 40 M Black Waiter Maryland Lived with Harris Family
Toledo 11 Watson, Nancy 38 F Mullatto Michigan Lived with Harris Family
Toledo 12 Wright, Mary 25 F Mullatto Virginia
Toledo 12 Wright, Richard 6 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 12 Wright, William 4 Ohio
Toledo 13 Green ____ B. 13 F Mullatto Indiana Yes
Toledo 13 Green, Lerrisa(?) 7 F Mullatto Ohio Yes
Toledo 13 Green, Eliza 25 F Mullatto Indiana
Toledo 13 Green, Jacob C. 49 M White Butcher Maryland
Toledo 13 Green, Linda 6 F Mullatto Ohio
Spencer 14 Liner, James 40 M Black Ship Washand Kentucky Cannot read/write
Toledo 14 Liner, Mary 45 F Black Kentucky Cannot read/write
Toledo 15 Powell, Charles 1 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 15 Powell, Charlott 6 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 15 Powell, Dayton(Layton) 3 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 15 Powell, Henry 5 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 15 Powell, Lawrence 37 M Mullatto Labor North Carolina
Toledo 15 Powell, Mary A. 34 F Mullatto Tennessee
Toledo 16 Walker, Edward 15 M Black Ohio Yes
Toledo 16 Walker, Elias 32 M Black Barber Virginia
Toledo 16 Walker, James 20 M Black Waiter Ohio
Toledo 16 Walker, Nancy 28 F Black Misissippi
Toledo 17 Prichard, Julia 14 F Black Ohio Lived with Walker Family (17)
Toledo 18 Coalman(Coleman), George 9 M Mullatto Ohio Yes
Oregon 18 Coalman(Coleman), Julia 7 F Mullatto Ohio Yes
Toledo 18 Coalman(Coleman), Alford 35 M Black Labor  $         200.00 Virginia
Toledo 18 Coalman(Coleman), Catherine 39 F White Washing Germany
Toledo 18 Coalman(Coleman), Mary 4 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 19 Washington, Lewisa 25 F Mullatto Servant DC
Toledo 20 Nicklos, Edward 33 M Mullatto Buggy Maker New York Two white individuals lived with this family – Ann Frederick (age 20) and Charles Johnson (age 5)
Toledo 20 Nicklos, Elizabeth 27 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 21 Randle, Mary 28 F White Ireland
Toledo 21 Randle, Thomas 28 M Mullatto Waiter Ohio
Toledo 22 Hands(Hearns), David 4 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 22 Hands(Hearns), William 8 M Mullatto Ohio Lived with Randle family
Toledo 23 Hall, Martha 23 F White Ohio Lived with Randle family may have been mother of boys listed as Hands/Hearns.
Toledo 24 Jackson, Hannah 24 F Mullatto Kentucky Cannot read/write
Toledo 24 Jackson, John 37 M Mullatto Porter Virginia
Toledo 24 Jackson, Wilson 0.5 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 25 Good, Arnold 57 M Mullatto Washing Kentucky Cannot read/write
Toledo 25 Good, Isabelle 16 F Mullatto Kentucky
Oregon 26 Brown, Essa (Isa) 116 M Black Virginia Cannot read/write
Toledo 26 Hans(Harris), Levi 3 M Black Ohio
Toledo 26 Hans(Harris), Maria 22 F Black Ohio
Toledo 26 Hans(Harris), Peter 32 M Black Labor North Carolina Cannot read/write
Toledo 26 Hans(Harris), Samuel 5 M Black Ohio
Toledo 27 Franklin, Alvinia 4 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 27 Franklin, Francis 6 F Mullatto Indiana
Toledo 27 Franklin, Mary J 2 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 27 Franklin, Olevie(Olivia) 23 F Mullatto Tennessee
Toledo 27 Franklin, Samuel 24 M Mullatto Barber $200 North Carolina
Toledo 27 Franklin, Samuel 0.3333333 M Ohio
Toledo 28 Henderson, Alex 20 M Black Barber Indiana Lived with Franklin family (Samuel Franklin)
Toledo 29 Jones, Francis L 31 M Mullatto North Carolina Lived with Franklin family (Samuel Franklin)
Sylvania 30 Merrill(Merrit), Elizabeth 38 F Mullatto Ohio
Sylvania 30 Merrill(Merritt), William H. 40 M Black Barber  $      3,500.00  $       500.00 Virginia
Toledo 31 Wells, L. 15 M Black Ohio Lived with Merrill(Merritt) family
Toledo 32 Johnson, Anna 9 F Mullatto Michigan Lived with Merrill(Merritt) family
Toledo 33 Lott, Charott 26 F Mullatto Servant Canada
Toledo 34 Phillips, Alice 1 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 34 Phillips, David 28 M Mullatto Waiter Virginia
Toledo 34 Phillips, Francis 24 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 35 Wilson, Henrietta 21 F Mullatto Ohio Lived with Phillips family
Toledo 36 Harris, Ann 6 F Mullatto Michigan
Toledo 36 Harris, Eliza 21 F Mullatto Washing Indiana
Toledo 36 Harris, Isaac 32 M Mullatto Cook Tennessee
Toledo 36 Harris, Ophelia 0.9166667 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 37 Franklin, Ann 21 F Mullatto North Carolina
Toledo 37 Franklin, Belle 4 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 37 Franklin, Sarah 3 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 37 Franklin, Sinthia 40 F Mullatto Washing North Carolina Cannot read/write
Toledo 38 Linn, Henry 45 M Mullatto Labor Pennsylvania Cannot read/write
Toledo 38 Linn, Mary 43 F Mullatto North Carolina Cannot read/write
Toledo 39 Ricken, Sidney 8 M Mullatto Ohio Yes
Toledo 39 Ricken, Alfonso 40 M Mullatto Barber Tennessee
Toledo 39 Ricken, Cathe 23 F Mullatto Tennessee
Toledo 40 Goulder, Ann 1 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 40 Goulder, Lucinda 23 F Mullatto Ohio Cannot read/write
Toledo 40 Goulder, Shadrick 24 M Black Labor Tennessee
Toledo 40 Goulder, William 4 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 41 Bennett, Ann 29 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 41 Bennett, John 32 M Mullatto Porter Indiana
Toledo 42 Kelly, Prince 41 M Black Store Market Kentucky
Toledo 43 Whitfield, John 18 M Black Ohio  Jail – Burglary
Toledo 44 Rice, Mary 22 F Black Ohio
Toledo 44 Rice, William H 38 M Black White Washer Illinois
Toledo 45 Rhodes, Julia 19 F Black Ohio
Toledo 45 Rhodes, Simon 32 M Black Porter Ohio Cannot read/write
Toledo 46 Pinchen, Elizabeth 50 F Black Virginia Cannot read/write
Toledo 47 Stevens, George 10 M Black Indiana Yes
Toledo 47 Stevens, Georgianna 8 F Black Ohio Yes
Toledo 47 Sevens, Rachel 30 F Black Indiana Cannot read/write
Toledo 47 Stevens, Eddy 2 M Black Ohio
Toledo 47 Stevens, Edward 56 M Black White Washer South Carolina
Toledo 47 Stevens, Georgetta 4 F Black Ohio
Toledo 47 Stevens, William 0.6666667 M Black Ohio
Toledo 48 Tabbot, David 10 M Black Indiana Yes
Toledo 48 Tabbot, John 8 M Black Indiana Yes
Toledo 48 Tabbot, Lusinda 12 F Black Indiana Yes
Toledo 48 Tabbot, Benjamin 64 M Black Blacksmith Kentucky
Toledo 48 Tabbot, Benjamin 18 M Black Barber Indiana
Toledo 48 Tabbot, Henry 24 M Black Labor Indiana
Swanton 48 Tabbot, Mary 20 F Black Indiana
Swanton 48 Tabbot, Sarah 50 F Black Indiana
Oregon 49 Blacker(Blackshear), George 46 M Black White Washer Virginia
Oregon 49 Blacker(Blackshear), Mary J 40 F Black Virginia
Toledo 50 Lock, John 12 M Black Ohio Yes
Toledo 50 Lock, John B 38 M Black Barber Tennessee
Toledo 50 Lock, Mary 27 F Black South Carolina
Toledo 51 Mayfair, Ann 15 F Mullatto Virginia
Toledo 51 Mayfair, Francis 17 F Mullatto Virginia
Toledo 51 Mayfair, Naomi(?) 9 F Mullatto Michigan
Toledo 51 Mayfair, Thomas 33 M Mullatto Waiter Virginia
Sylvania 51 Mayfair, William 4 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 52 Briggs, Ellen 17 F White Servant Michigan Lived with William Jones family
Toledo 52 Jones, Mary A 21 F Mullatto New York
Toledo 52 Jones, William M. 29 M Black Cook Georgia
Toledo 53 Vanblunt(?), Mary 24 F Black Ohio
Toledo 53 Vanblunt(?), William 25 M Black Waiter New York
Manhattan 53 Vanblunt(?), William 0.5833333 M Black Ohio
Toledo 54 Jacobs, Fanny 3 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 54 Jacobs, Harriet 24 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 54 Jacobs, John 1 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 54 Jacobs, Oliver 28 M Mullatto Waiter  $         300.00 Indiana
Toledo 54 Jacobs, Oliver 7 M Mullatto Michigan
Toledo 54 Jacobs, Sarah 5 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 55 Parks, Albertson 11 M Mullatto Ohio Yes Lived with Jacobs family
Oregon 56 Davis, Mitch(Hatch) 34 M Mullatto Barber Tennessee
Toledo 56 Smith, Elizabeth 31 F Mullatto Virginia
Toledo 56 Smith, George 16 M Mullatto Labor Ohio
Toledo 57 Dease, John 33 M Black Labor Kentucky Cannot read/write
Swanton 57 Dease, John 4 M Black Ohio
Toledo 57 Dease, Joseph 0.0833333 M Black Ohio
Toledo 57 Dease, Julia 3 F Black Ohio
Toledo 57 Dease, Mary 9 F Black Ohio
Toledo 57 Dease, Sarah 24 F Black Kentucky
Richfield 58 Davis, Mary 39 F Mullatto Canada Cannot read/write Nova Scotia listed as birthplace
Toledo 59 Douglass, Horace 38 M Black Labor Virginia
Toledo 60 Dunbar, James 40 M Black White Washer Virginia
Toledo 61 Washington, James 64 M Black Laborer Virginia Cannot read/write
Toledo 61 Washington, William 20 M Black Laborer New York
Oregon 62 Brown, JW 55 M Black Labor New York
Toledo 63 Edwards, Mary E 9 F Mullatto Ohio Yes
Toledo 63 Edwards, Elizabeth 27 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 63 Edwards, William 29 M Mullatto Labor Virginia
Toledo 63 Edwards, William 56 M Mullatto Barber Virginia
Toledo 63 Edwards, William 6 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 64 Lewis, Ellen 11 F Mullatto Ohio Yes
Toledo 64 Lewis, William 19 M Mullatto Barber Ohio Lived with Edwards (William Edwards) family
Toledo 64 Whitfield, Mary A 17 F Black Canada Lived with Edwards (William Edwards) family
Toledo 65 Wilson, Charles 11 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 65 Wilson, Emma 6 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 65 Wilson, Julia 31 F Mullatto Virginia
Toledo 65 Wilson, William 33 M Black White Washer Virginia
Toledo 66 Tusang, Kate 7 F Mullatto Michigan
Toledo 66 Tusang, Mary 35 F Black Servant Virginia Cannot read/write
Toledo 67 Massey, Thomas 23 M Mullatto Labor Virginia
Sylvania 68 McGinnis, Robert 27 M Mullatto Labor West Indies
Toledo 69 Hawkins, Willaim 28 M Mullatto Labor DC
Oregon 70 Dangerfield, C 18 M Black Labor Virginia
Toledo 71 Johnson, Henry 23 M Black Labor Kentucky
Toledo 72 Wright, Nad(Ian) 21 M Black Labor Ohio
Toledo 73 Estill, James 17 M Black Labor Kentucky
Toledo 74 Hudlin, Joseph 18 M Mullatto Labor Kentucky
Sylvania 75 Moore, William 18 M Mullatto Labor Virginia
Toledo 76 Young, Elijah 17 M Mullatto Labor Virginia
Toledo 77 Chase, William 22 M Black Labor Maryland
Toledo 78 Gray, John 18 M Black Labor New York
Toledo 79 Price, Nat 16 M Black (Can’t Read)Labor Delaware
Toledo 80 Franklin, E. 16 M Black Labor Ohio
Toledo 81 Felton, John 40 M Black Porter Delaware
Toledo 82 Harris, Franklin(Massa) 28 M Black Cook Kentucky
Toledo 83 Pickett, H. 25 M Black (Can’t Read)Labor Kentucky
Toledo 84 Hill, James 18 M Black Porter Kentucky
Toledo 85 Robison, Charles 18 M Black Waiter Kentucky
Toledo 86 Crane, Henry 25 M Mullatto Waiter Kentucky
Toledo 87 Harris, William 16 M Mullatto Waiter Ohio
Toledo 88 Todd, Benjamin 20 M Black Waiter Ohio
Toledo 89 Newton, Richard 31 M Black Waiter New York
Toledo 90 Jones, Willy 25 M Black Cook North Carolina
Toledo 91 Rhodes, Simon 32 M Black Porter Maryland
Toledo 92 Congrove, Charles 24 M Mullatto Porter Louisiana
Toledo 93 Prichard, J 18 M Mullatto Bus Boy Ohio
Toledo 94 Jackson, John 31 M Mullatto Porter  $      1,000.00 Virginia
Swanton 95 Henders, Thomas 23 M Black Labor Georgia
Toledo 96 Andews, Charles 31 M Black Labor Kentucky
Toledo 97 Russell, William 20 M Mullatto Labor Virginia
Toledo 98 Price, Joseph 25 M Mullatto Labor Virginia
Toledo 99 Henley, Moses 24 M Black Labor Ohio
Toledo 100 Phillips, David 30 M Black Labor Maryland
Toledo 101 Paine, Eliza 3 F Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 101 Paine, Ellin 6 F Mullatto Ohio
Sylvania 101 Paine, John W. 29 M Black Cook Virginia
Sylvania 101 Paine, Lusinda 27 F Mullatto Washing North Carolina
Toledo 102 Preston, Eliza 41 F Mullatto Virginia Lived with Paine family, may be mother of wife.
Toledo 103 Williams, Maria 37 F Black Servant Ohio Cannot read/write
Toledo 104 Clark, Sarah 50 F Black Servant Virginia
Sylvania 105 Walker, Bill 20 M Black Labor Kentucky
Toledo 106 Harris, William 19 M Mullatto Labor Canada Cannot read/write Lived on farm of white family Lewis
Toledo 107 Jenkins, Mary 60 F Black Virginia Cannot read/write Lived on farm of white family McLedge
Toledo 107 Jenkins, Stephen 70 M Black Labor Virginia Cannot read/write Lived on farm of white family McLedge
Toledo 108 Dorsey, T. 60 M Black Labor Virginia Cannot read/write Lived on farm of white family McLedge
Toledo 109 Dent, Mary 10 F Black Ohio Yes
Toledo 109 Dent, George 0.1666667 M Black Ohio
Toledo 109 Dent, J. 30 M Black Labor Kentucky
Toledo 109 Dent, John 5 M Black Ohio
Toledo 109 Dent, Julia 3 F Black Canada
Toledo 109 Dent, Sarah 27 F Black
Oregon 110 Cunningham, E. 48 M Black Labor Virginia
Oregon 110 Cunningham, Ellen M. 5 F Black Ohio
Oregon 110 Cunningham, Marion L. 8 M Black Ohio
Toledo 110 Cunningham, Nancy 38 F Black Viginia Cannot read/write
Oregon 110 Cunningham, William H. 21 M Black Ohio
Toledo 111 Tilton, John 37 M Black Farmer Delaware
Toledo 111 Tilton, Sarah 29 F Black Pennsylvania
Toledo 112 Ingraham, John 40 M Black Laborer Georgia Lived on farm with Tilton family
Toledo 113 Deringer, Woodsen 14 M Black Ohio Lived on farm with Tilton family
Sylvania 114 Walker, Caroline A. 7 F Black Ohio
Sylvania 114 Walker, Charles 38 M Black Farmer $20 Michigan
Toledo 114 Walker, Cinderilla 36 F Black Ohio
Sylvania 114 Walker, George 9 M Black Ohio
Sylvania 114 Washington, Josephine 80 F Mullatto Michigan Lived with Walker family in Sylvania, may be mother of Cinderilla Walker.
Manhattan 115 Nathan, William H. 14 M Black Pennsylvania Yes
Sylvania 115 Nathan, Elizabeth 19 F Black Pennsylvania
Toledo 115 Nathan, Joseph 48 M Black Farm Labor $50 Pennsylvania
Toledo 115 Nathan, Joseph 20 M Black Pennsylvania
Toledo 115 Nathan, Mary H 21 F Black Pennsylvania
Toledo 115 Nathan, Susan 42 F Black Pennsylvania
Toledo 116 Patterson, John 2 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 116 Patterson, Lewis 32 M Black Farmhand Indiana
Sylvania 116 Wilson, Harriet 30 F Mullatto Ohio
Sylvania 116 Wilson, James M 6 M Mullatto Ohio
Sylvania 116 Wilson, William 4 M Mullatto Ohio
Toledo 117 Smith, John 40 M Black Labor Kentucky Cannot read/write
Manhattan 118 Marony, Cornelius 10 M Mullatto Ohio Yes Lived with family of Abram Johnson Jr. from PA
Total Number of Individuals 269
Number labled “Black” 128
Number labeled “Mullatto” 130
Number labeled “White” 7
Number of Mixed Race Families (white wife) 6
Number of Mixed Race Families (white husband) 1
Average Age 23.093519
Average Age of Males 23.882911
Average Age of Females 21.979911
Number of Females 111
Number of Males 158
Age of Oldest Male (William Jenkins) 70
Age of Oldest Female (Essa Brown) 116
Age of Youngest Male (Joseph Dease) 1 month
Age of Youngest Female (Ophelia Harris) 8 months
Number Older than 15 179
Number 15 or Younger 90
Toledo Residents 233
Sylvania Residents 19
Manhattan (North End) Residents 5
Swanton Residents 4
Richfield Residents 1
Oregon (East Side) Residents 11
Spencer Residents 1
Birthplace of Canada 11
Birthplace of DC 2
Birthplace of Delaware 3
Birthplace of Georgia 3
Birthplace of Germany 2
Birthplace of Illinois 1
Birthplace of Indiana 18
Birthplace of Ireland 1
Birthplace of Kentucky 21
Birthplace of Maryland 5
Birthplace of Michigan 14
Birthplace of Mississippi 1
Birthplace of New York 9
Birthplace of North Carolina 12
Birthplace of Ohio 102
Birthplace of Pennsylvania 8
Birthplace of South Carolina 2
Birthplace of Tennessee 8
Birthplace of Virginia 37
Birthplace of West Indies 1
Occupation of Barber 13
Occupation of Buggy Maker (Edward Nicklos) 1
Occupation of Bus Boy 1
Occupation of Butcher (Jacob Green – white) 1
Occupation of Carpenter (Robert Nickos) 1
Occupation of Farm Labor/Farm Hand 2
Occupation of Farmer (Charles Walker & John Tilton) 2
Occupation of Laborer 44
Occupation of Porter 9
Occupation of Servant (all females) 6
Occupation of Ship Wash Hand (James Liner) 1
Occupation of Washing (all female except 1) 6
Occupation of White Washer 5
Occupation of Waiter 12
First Most Popular Surname (Franklin)
Second Most Popular Surname (Harris)
Value of Real Estate  $  6,800.00
Personal Estate Value  $  1,320.00
Numer of individuals who could not read/write 17
Number of individuals in Jail (John Whitfield) 1
Number of children who attended school within the year 22
Maumee 118 Bowan, John 54 M Black Labor Maryland Cannot read/write
Maumee 118 Bowan, Mary 53 F Black Virginia Cannot read/write
Maumee 118 Bowan, William 14 M Black Indiana
Maumee 118 Bowan, John 14 M Black Indiana
Maumee 118 Bowan, Mary 12 F Black Indiana
Maumee 119 Johnson, Jenny 16 F Black Servant Kentucky Enumerated in white household of Elizabeth Nelson
Maumee 120 Fields, James 44 M Mullatto Doctor New York
Maumee 120 Fields, Mary 39 F Mullatto New York
Maumee 120 Fields, John 13 M Mullatto New York
Maumee 120 Fields, William 1 M Mullatto Ohio
Waterville 121 Smith, Nancy 66 F Mullatto Pennsylvania
Additions added on 11/1/2016

Free Black Virginians to Ohio – Viney and Viers Family

Finally got some time to devote back to the blog. I’ve been ill and just crazy busy with kid stuff over the past 3-5 months but as usual, I’ve been doing some quick (or long) research in between my last post and today.

I have recently started digging into my great grandmother’s family – the McCowns.

As a kid, I noticed that her family surname was on one of the stain glass windows at Third Baptist Church and I always thought they must have had something to do with the early beginnings of the church. Recently I was surprised to find out that one of her grandfathers was an early pastor.

My great grandmother’s father was named Hillus McCown.  His mother was Hannah Rebecca Viney/Vina.  Her parents were Madison Viney and Mary Viers.

Madison (or Mattison) Viney was born in approximately 1820 (around 1823) in Giles County, Virginia. He was born into a family of free people of color in the state of Virginia who had an ancestry back to the early 1700s.

Via information obtain from the website “Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware” I found information that showed that the Viney family (also spelled Vina/Vena/Veny/Venie/Venners/Veney, etc.) were the descendants of a white woman named Elizabeth Venners who had a “mullatto” child of mixed race named William Venners/Viney. William was born in approximately 1701 and had to sue for his freedom based on him being the child of a white (probably indentured servant) woman.

William’s granddaughter, Rachel Viney was registered as a “taxable” free negro multiple times throughout the 1800s. In 1825 she and her children were listed on a register of “free negroes” of Giles County, Virginia. The youngest person in the family listed on that register in 1825 was “Mattison Viney” who was listed as 2 years old in 1825.

Madison later moved to Ohio. Many free persons of color from Virginia migrated to both Kentucky and Ohio in the mid 1800s. The earliest record of Madison’s residency in Ohio was found via familysearch on the 1850 census.

1850 Viney Census

1850 Census of the “Vina” family 

Madison and his wife Mary were listed as living in Shelby County, Ohio in 1850. Upon seeing their residency, I researched to see if they had a marriage record on file in Ohio and found that they were married in Galia County, Ohio in 1839. His wife’s last name was listed as “Vires.”

Madison and Mary lived in the Shelby County area until 1880 when they showed up on census records living in Toledo, Ohio.  A history of Third Baptist Church showed that he was one of the early pastors of the church during its trying period in regards to finances and membership (“The Black Church – Third Baptist Church, Toledo, Ohio“).

The period between 1868 and 1891 was a Period of Struggle for the newly established Third Baptist Church, in leadership and finances. During this period, the record indicates there were nineteen pastors, several loans and two locations. The only names of pastors that can be recalled are Reverends Burch, Meadows, Mattison Viney, Thomas Frazier, Johnson and Dyer.

Madison and Mary had 14 children and I found various records regarding the marriages and deaths of their children throughout the US all the way to Texas and even one who was married in Canada.

Reverend Madison Viney died in 1897 and was buried at Woodlawn Cemetery.

Mary Viers Viney was born in Virginia and moved with her family to Galia County, Ohio in the early 1820s. Information obtained from the website mentioned above (“Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware“) show that the Viers family was descended of a woman named Mary “Via” who had a mullatto child born in 1754 named Benjamin Viers.

Benjamin enlisted as a Private in the Revolutionary war in 1775 out of Henry County, Virginia. He subsequently came back to Virginia after the conclusion of the war but moved to Galia County, Ohio around 1823 with his family, including his then adult son, William Viers, the father of Mary Viers Viney.

Mary Viers Viney died in 1917 and was buried alongside her husband at Woodlawn Cemetery. Her death certificate confirmed that her father was William Viers along with listing her mother – Anna Douglas.

Viney Grave

Grave of Madison Viney and Mary Vires Viney – Historic Woodlawn Cemetery

Some checking onto the google news archives rewarded me with a picture of her and some of her grandchildren/great grandchildren. I’m not certain who the children are but it was great find as I usually don’t turn up any pictures of this nature.

Mary Viney and Grandchildren

Mary Vires Viney aged approximately 85 and McCown grandchildren

Mary, of course is the grandmother in the middle.  This was a picture posted in the Toledo Blade on February 11, 1990 and it listed this family as Grandmother Viney with the McCown family from 1905.

I am unsure of who the children are.  The article of which this picture came cited the Mott Branch library here in Toledo in regards to having a picture depository of African American Toledoans.  I plan on visiting there in the upcoming week in order to see if I can get a better copy of the picture and to see if any other names were noted in regards to the children.

Maternal Genealogy – JONES/ROBINSON Families

Some of my earliest ancestors to move to Toledo arrived in Northwest Ohio between 1860 and 1870.

Nancy JONES was born in 1859 in Bainbridge, Ross County, Ohio. She was enumerated with her family on the 1860 United States Census when she was 8 months old.

Her parents were Mary JONES and John Wesley JONES who was listed as an “ME Minister” on the Census record. I believe that “ME” stood for “Methodist Episcopal. My maternal line have been members of Warren AME (African Methodist Episcopal) Church for many generations.

Nancy was the youngest child listed for Mary and John JONES on the 1860 Census. She had two older siblings listed as well. Her older sister’s name was Martha JONES and her older brother’s name was John JONES Jr.

John W. JONES Jr. was the oldest child. He was born in Pennsylvania in 1852. Martha JONES was also born in Pennsylvania but in 1854. Nancy JONES was the first of the JONES children born in Ohio.

John W. JONES Sr. stated on the 1860 Census that he was born in Maryland. He was born in approximately 1805. Mary JONES stated that she was born in Pennsylvania in approximately 1823.

I found Mary JONES and her three children on the 1870 Census living in Washington Township, Lucas County Ohio.  Washington Township is now a part of the City of Toledo.   On the 1870 Census there was another JONES child listed who was a younger sister to Nancy JONES. The youngest JONES child was named Francis JONES and she was born in 1860. I believe that they moved to Northwest Ohio around 1866. The Toledo Lucas County Public Library has a death record for a John JONES in 1867 but I am not certain that this is “my” John JONES due to the common name. However, he is the only John JONES listed in the death records between 1860 and 1870 and I am 80% certain that this is “my” John JONES.

During my genealogical compilation for this family, I was faced with many odd, in my opinion, difficulties. When you start out doing genealogy, one should start from the most current generation and work their way back. Luckily, Nancy JONES did not die until 1950 so my grandmother and her sister (my great aunt, who is still alive) knew Nancy JONES and they were able to provide me with a decent genealogical link to her that was easily verified via the census record information contained within familysearch.org.

My grandmother remembered Nancy as Nancy BAKER. She stated that Nancy, her grandmother, had lived with them for a time when she was a child. So going by that information, I looked up Nancy BAKER and basically hit a wall on this family that lasted for about 10 years.

In 2010 the 1940 census was released. I was not actively researching during that time due to regular life’s busy-ness so it wasn’t until around 2012 that I searched again for genealogical information. I looked up my grandmother on the 1940 Census since she was born in 1936. I thought it would be cool to have such a close link to historical information. My grandmother died in 2004 and I still miss her dearly and I was thinking of her at the time when I looked her up in 2012.

That query did pull up my grandmother, her siblings, including my great aunt who is still alive and their parents. It also showed that a Nancy BACKER lived next door to them which finally gave me a true connection to Nancy BAKER.

Many times on Census records surnames and given names are horrendously mispelled. Finding a Nancy, who was listed as approximately 80 years old in 1940 was extremely exciting for me!

From there, I found that Nancy had been living with a man named Stephen BAKER on the 1930 Census. At that time she also lived near my great grandmother. A big tip for people using Census records for genealogy is to peruse the entire handwritten page for neighbor’s names. Many times, people lived near their relatives or with their relatives and with today’s technology, if you search for a specific name, it will only provide you a printed, transcribed version of exactly what you were looking for so it is up to you to do additional digging.

After much research, I found out that Nancy was not originally married to Stephen BAKER. I had been looking for my 2nd great grandmother under the last name of BAKER due to thinking that BAKER may have been her maiden name. Instead I found out that Nancy was originally married to a man named James Edward ROBINSON.  Stephen BAKER was her second husband.

I found the death certificate of my 2nd great grandmother on familysearch’s database for Ohio Deaths. She died in 1941 from kidney disease. On her death certificate her mother was listed as Nancy JONES and her father was listed as James ROBSON. As with BACKER on the Census, ROBSON was written incorrectly. She was actually a ROBINSON.

This discovery allowed me to pull up all of the information regarding James Edward ROBINSON and Nancy JONES ROBINSON on Census records all the way back to 1900.

Unfortunately, I have yet to find a solid marriage certificate for them. Due to Nancy being in Lucas County, Ohio on the 1870 Census, I know that she lived in this area. Lucas County kept pretty good records for deaths, marriages, and births long before most states started to do this consistently. I did find a marriage record for a James E. ROBERTSON and Amanda JONES for November 11, 1874. I am somewhat sure that this is James and Nancy ROBINSON. Throughout the years ROBINSON has been spelled in many variations including the following: ROBINSON-ROBSON-ROBESON-ROBISON-ROBERTSON and another crazy variation that I will speak of below, which caused another brick wall for me that lasted until this year (2015).

James Edward ROBINSON showed up in the city directory for the City of Toledo in 1876.

He death certificate states that he was born in Harrisburgh, Pennsylvania.  His father’s name was listed as Frank ROBISON and his mother as “Becky” only.

Upon further review of ROBINSON’S in Pennsylvania on the 1860 and 1850 census records, I found a James E ROBINSON on the 1850 census listed with his father Franklin ROBINSON and mother Ellen ROBINSON.  Even though Ellen differed from what was listed on James’ death certificate as his mother (Becky), I am 100% sure that Ellen was James E ROBINSON’s mother.  Many times the informant who fills out a death certificate did not know the name of the person who passed away.  Information I have found lead me to believe that Ellen ROBINSON may have died or separated from her husband Franklin by the early 1860s.  On the 1860 census, Franklin ROBINSON is listed with his son but this time the name was listed a Edward James ROBINSON.  On various census records throughout the years, James Edward was listed as Edward James.  I am certain that he was the same person due to always being listed with his wife Nancy and their children as either James E, James Edward, Edward, or Ed.  The switching of the first and middle name is actually what made me know 100% that this family was the ROBINSON family I was looking for.

I have yet to find any death records for Franklin ROBINSON or Ellen ROBINSON.  I did find an exciting tidbit regarding Ellen in an online scholarly article about the effect of the Fugitive Slave Act on blacks in Harrisburgh, PA, but I will save that for another entry.

Due to census records not providing much detailed information prior to the 1850 census, I am temporarily at another road block for this family.  An interesting tidbit I am currently looking into is the fact that Franklin, Ellen, and James E ROBINSON lived with Thomas and Dinah WATKINS on the 1850 census.  I am going to attempt to connect the WATKINS families with the ROBINSON family and I am hoping that they are relatives of Ellen and/or Franklin.

After moving to Toledo, James Edward ROBINSON married Nancy JONES.  They eventually had seven children – Francis (1876-1932), Edna (1880-1929), Edward (1884-1951), Florence (1892-1941), Fred (1894-?), Naomi (1894-?), and William Alton (1898-1917).

Florence ROBINSON was my second great grandmother.

James Edward ROBINSON died in 1910.

As stated above, Nancy JONES ROBINSON BAKER did not die until 1950.  She was 90 years old when she passed away.

One of the best finds I discovered just this year was finally locating James Edward and Nancy ROBINSON on the 1880 Census.  After searching through both electronic records at the library via micro film, on family search and ancestry.com via census records and via hardcopy 1880 census indexes at the Toledo Lucas County Public Library, I was unsuccessful in locating this couple in Toledo or in PA or anywhere really.

I had decided this past summer to make a visit to the Newberry Library in Chicago since we make frequent visits there to see family.  I was initially only looking up a specific family that also was an early settler in NW Ohio – the WHITFIELDS.  I will write another post about that research later.  After finding the information I was looking for on the WHITFIELDs, I decided to look up other holdings of the library and they had a book which was loosely titled (going off my memory here, will edit later with the correct title) Blacks in Ohio in 1880.  It basically was a book that contained a list of all the black or mullatto or other “colored” residents in the state of Ohio on the 1880 census.

Within that book, I found all of my Ohio lines and due to there not being many black people in Toledo itself in 1880, I also saw a entry which listed a Nancy and Ed “BOBISON” who had older children who matched the names of the older ROBINSON children mentioned above.

I wanted to scream at the library!!  It was soooo exciting for me to see them in this book!  I had almost given up on this line and just chalked it up to not having any other way to research them.

Upon reviewing the 1880 “BOBISON” family it showed that they lived in a house with a Mary JONES and her children, John and Francis JONES.  This was how I found an entire new generation of the JONES family detailed above.

I am currently trying to connect the ROBINSON and JONES families to see if they both lived in the Harrisburgh, PA area.  Hopefully it won’t take another 10 years to find a connection.

 

The Story of Mrs. Hannah Davidson – Former Slave/Toledo Resident

The second formerly enslaved person interviewed by the WPA (see The Story of Mrs. Julia King) was Mrs. Hannah Davidson. Mrs. Davidson was approximately 85 years old at the time of her interview in 1937. She was interviewed by a person identified as K. Osthimer.

At the time of her interview, Mrs. Davidson lived at 533 Woodland Ave. Below is a picture of her home obtained from the Toledo Lucas County Public Library’s “Images in Time” collection. This collection contains many pictures of homes, businesses, and neighborhoods in Toledo from the 1800s forward. Mrs. Davidson’s home was photographed between 1937 and 1965 and the photograph was a part of a tax assessor’s records.

Hannah Davidson House

UPDATE:  I recently found a picture of Mrs. Hannah Davidson at the google news archives website.  She is pictured with another woman who is labeled as the “oldest members” of an organization.  I am thinking they were the oldest members of Third Baptist Church:

Mrs. Davidson is on the right

picture1

In the narrative, it was shared that Mrs. Davidson lived off of a $23 a month “old age pension.”  She was a boarder and rented a room in her home.  Many black Toledoans rented rooms as boarders or rented out rooms in their home for extra income during this time period.

Mrs. Davidson stated that her maiden name was Hannah Merriwether and that she had four sisters and two brothers.  Her parents names were Isaac and Nancy Merriwether.  She was born in Ballard County, Kentucky in approximately 1852.  She and her family were the slaves of Emmett and Susan Merriwether.

Mrs. Davidson’s story is dramatically different from that of Mrs. Julia King’s being that Hannah Davidson’s family did not come to the Toledo area via the Underground Rail Road as runaway slaves.

Mrs. Davidson stated that her folks were sold so many times that she “lost track” of them.  She also mentioned that she and her sister  Mary were kept over twenty years after emancipation by their slave master as slaves because the master would not let them leave.  She spoke of how she desperately wanted to learn to read and go to school but that the one black man who came to her county to teach “colored” people was beaten and run out of town by whites.  Mrs. Davidson eventually learned to read by herself with the help of WPA programs in the 1930s.

Mrs. Davidson reiterated many times about how hard she had worked her whole life.  She spoke of how one time she was so tired that she hid under a house just to take a nap and go to sleep because she was exhausted.

She also mentioned that her mother was the last slave to try to leave the plantation.  Her mother tried to take Mrs. Davidson as well but their master would not let the mother take her children.  Her mother was kicked off the plantation and Mrs. Davidson never saw her again.  Later on in life Mrs. Davidson forced her own sister Mary to leave the plantation by threatening her with a rolling pin.

Mrs. Davidson mentioned that “terrible” things happened to herself and her sister Mary.  She did not go into detail but it is well documented that female slaves were highly likely to be sexually assaulted and abused.

When she was 31, Mrs. Davidson stated that she married her husband William L. Davidson.  She stated that at the time of the interview, she only had one grandchild still living – Willa May Reynolds who was a teacher in City Grove, Tennessee.

Mrs. Davidson was a member of Third Baptist Church in Toledo.

My favorite quote from Mrs. Davidson was “I believe we should all do good to everybody.”

The idea that she maintained such positivity throughout her lifetime is a testament to the human spirit and is indicative of black American culture in regards to strength in faith and hope for the future.

I was very saddened and inspired when initially reading Mrs. Davidson’s narrative.  It is also interesting to compare the two persons interviewed in Toledo – Mrs. Julia King and Mrs. Hannah Davidson.  Mrs. King’s family escaped slavery when she was a young girl and so Mrs. King did not have to live with the trials of this horrible institution like Mrs. Davidson.  Mrs. Davidson did not get the benefit of being educated and thus could not obtain employment such as that afforded by Mrs. King’s background and subsequent work for the local government.  Mrs. King owned her home while Mrs. Davidson rented a room in  her old age.  The contrasts between the two women really do show how oppression and forced servitude and a lack of freedom can drastically reduce the opportunity afforded to one in their life.

The Story of Mrs. Hannah Davidson

GENEALOGICAL INFORMATION REGARDING MRS. HANNAH MERIWETHER DAVIDSON AND FAMILY

William DAVISON/DAVIDSON born 9/8/1865 died 3/10/1920 (familysearch.org – Ohio Deaths 1840-2001)

George DAVIDSON born 1898 in KY, lived in 1930 in Toledo, Ohio (familysearch.org – 1930 Census) son of Hannah DAVIDSON

Wanda DAVIDSON born 1915 in OH, lived in 1930 Toledo, Ohio (familysearch.org – 1930 Census) daughter of Hannah DAVIDSON

Hannah DAVIDSON born 1852 in KY, lived in 1930 Toledo, Ohio (familysearch.org – 1930 Census)

Helen DAVIDSON died 1/18/1928 in Toledo, Ohio (familysearch.org – Ohio deaths 1908-1953) wife of George Davidson